Part III: Warkworth’s Chronicle

 

The Warkworth Chronicle: Part III

 

Warkworth’s Chronicle

 

Endnotes to Part II

 

  1. The Warkworth Chronicle, in Bernard’s Catalogue of the Peterhouse manuscripts, taken from James’s Eclogæ, is numbered–230. It may be as well to observe that John Bagford mentions a contemporary Chronicle in English MS. of the events of the commencement of Edward’s reign, in MS. Tann. Bodl. 453.
  2. At the coronacyone. King Edward was crowned in Westminster Abbey, on the 29th of June 1461. Warkworth’s first passage is both imperfect and incorrect, and would form a very bad specimen of the value of the subsequent portions of his narrative; yet we find it transferred to the Chronicle of Stowe. It must, however, be regarded rather as a memorandum of the various creations to the peerage made during Edward’s reign, than as part of the chronicle. Not even the third peerage mentioned, the Earldom of Northumberland, was conferred at the Coronation, but by patent dated 27 May 1464: and the only two Earldoms bestowed in Edward’s first year (and probably at the Coronation) were, the Earldom of Essex, conferred on Henry Viscount Bourchier, Earl of Eu in Normandy, who had married the King’s aunt, the Princess Isabel of York; and the Earldom of Kent, conferred on William Neville, Lord Fauconberg, one of King Edward’s generals at Towton. The former creation is mentioned in Warkworth lower down in his list; the latter is omitted altogether. — J.G.N.
  3. The Lord Montagu. “And then Kyng Edward, concidering the greate feate doon by the said Lord Montagu, made hym Erle of Northumberlond; and in July next folowyng th’Erle of Warwyk, with th’ayde of the said Erle of Northumberlond, gate agayn the castell of Bamborugh, wheryn was takyn Sir Raaf Gray, which said Sir Raaf was after behedid and quartred at York. Also, in this yere, the first day of May, the Kyng wedded Dame Elizabeth Gray, late wif unto the lord Gray of Groby, and daughter to the Lord Ryvers.”–The London Chronicle, MS. Cotton, Vitell. A. xvi. fol. 126, r{o}. The MS. of the London Chronicle, from which Sir Harris Nicolas printed his edition, does not contain this passage. It is almost unnecessary to remark the chronological incorrectness of the above, but it serves to show how carelessly these slight Chronicles were compiled. Cf. MS. Add. Mus. Brit. 6113, fol. 192, r{o}. and MS. Cotton. Otho, B. xiv. fol. 221, r{o}.
  4. Lord Erle of Pembroke. William Lord Herbert of Chepstow, the first of the long line of Herbert Earls of Pembroke, was so created 27th May 1468. His decapitation by the Duke of Clarence at Northampton in 1469, is noticed by Warkworth [ later in this text.] — J.G.N.
  5. Erle of Devynschire. Humphrey Stafford, created Baron Stafford of Southwick by patent 24th April 1464, was advanced to the Earldom of Devon 7th May 1469; but beheaded by the commons at Bridgewater before the close of the same year, as related by Warkworth… — J.G.N.
  6. Erle of Wyltschyre. John Stafford, created Earl of Wiltshire, 5th Jan. 1470; he died in 1473. — J.G.N.
  7. The Lorde Gray Ruffyne, Erle of Kent. The Earl of Kent, of the family of Neville, died without male issue, a few months after his elevation to that dignity; and it was conferred on the 30th May 1465, on Edmund Lord Grey de Ruthyn, on the occasion of the Queen’s coronation. He was cousin-german to Sir John Grey, of Groby, the Queen’s first husband. On the same occasion the Queen’s son Sir Thomas Grey was created Marquess of Dorset; her father Richard Wydevile lord Ryvers was advanced to the dignity of Earl Ryvers; and her brother Anthony married to the heiress of Scales, in whose right he was summoned to Parliament as a Baron. — J.G.N.
  8. Ibid. Sere Thomas Blount. This should be Walter, created Lord Montjoy 20th June 1465; he died in 1474. — J.G.N.
  9. Sere Jhon Hawarde, Lord Hawarde. This peerage dates its origin, by writ of summons to Parliament, during the short restoration of Henry VI. in 1470, a circumstance more remarkable as “evidence exists that he did not attach himself to the interest of that Prince, being constituted by Edward, in the same year, commander of his fleet.” See Sir Harris Nicolas’ memoir of this distinguished person (afterwards the first Duke of Norfolk) in Cartwright’s History of the Rape of Bramber, p. 189. — J.G.N.
  10. He ordeyned a parleament. This was in November.
  11. At whiche were atteynted Kynge Herry. The act for the attainder of Henry is not printed in the authentic edition of the Statutes of the Realm, published by the Commissioners for the Public Records, but occurs on the Rolls of Parliament, vol. v. pp. 476-82. Cf. MS. Ashm. 21, and 862, xxxv; Cotton’s Abridgment, pp. 670-1; Fœdera, xi. 709. “Ubi unditati et atteyntati sunt Henricus, vocatus nuper Rex Anglie, cum Margareta* consore sua, duces et Somerset et Excetre, cum aliis militibus et nobilibus ad numerum quadi centum personarum.” MS. Arundel, Coll. Arm. 5, fol. 169, r{o}. Cf. W. Wyrcestre Annales, pp.490-2.
    *I find, however, in the Pipe Roll of 1 Edw. IV. an entry of £21, 13s. for property at Bristol to “Margareta nuper dicta Regina Angliæ,” granted her by Edward; this property, it appears, formerly belonged to Queen Johanna, and “per dominum Regem nuc concess’ in partem recompensacionis.”
  12. New Fraunchesses. Cf. MS. Bib. Cantaur. 51.
  13. Also Quene Margrett. This was in the year 1462. Towards the end of the year Edward appears to have made a tour to the West of England, perhaps for the purpose of seeing how the country was disposed towards him: — “Diende Rex Edwardus, Cantauriam peregre profectus, partes meridionales pertransiit, ubi Willielmum Episcopum Wintonie de manibus querentium animam ejus eripuit, insectatores suos graviter redarguit, et eorum capitaneos carcerali custodi emancipavit. Bristollie apperians, a civibus ejus cum maximo gaudio honoratissimè receptus est.” — MS. Arundel Coll. Arm. 5, fol. 169 r{o}. This Chronicle in the College of Arms was first used, as far as I know, for an historical purpose, in a MS. note in a copy of Carte’s History of England in the Bodleian Library, where it is referred to on the important testimony of the death of Henry VI. Mr. Black quotes it in Excerpta Historica, but its value does not appear to be fully appreciated by that author; it is the diary of a contemporary writer on the side of the House of York, and extends to the execution of the Bastard of Fauconberg, and Edward’s celebration of the feast of Pentecost which took place immediately afterwards.
    The following very curious account of the pageant which received Edward at Bristol is from a MS. in Lambeth Palace, No. 306, fol 132, r{o}. I am indebted to the Rev. S. R. Maitland, F.R.S., Librarian to the Archbishop of Canterbury, who had the extreme kindenss, at my request, to send me a transcript.
    The receyvyng of Kyng Edward the iiij{th}. at Brystow.

    “First, at the coming inne atte temple gate, there stode Wylliam Conquerour, with iij. lordis, and these were his wordis:–

    ‘Wellcome Edwarde! oure son of high degre;
    Many yeeris hast thou lakkyd owte of this londe–
    I am thy forefader, Wylliam of Normandye,
    To see thy welefare here through Goddys sond.’

    “Over the same gate stondyng a greet Gyant delyveryng the keyes.

    The Recyvyng atte Temple Crosse next following;–

    “There was Seynt George on horsbakke, uppon a tent, fyghtyng with a dragon; and the Kyng and Quene on hygh in a castell, and his doughter benethe with a lambe; and atte the sleying of the dragon ther was a greet melody of aungellys.”
    Sir Bawdan (or Baldwin) Fulford was brought before the King, and beheaded at this place on the ninth of September; his head was placed upon Castle Gate. — Rot. C. 8 Mus. Brit.
  14. And other lordes. Among them was Thomas Lord Roos. Paston Correspondence, vol. I. p.219.
  15. Certeyne castelles in Northumberlond. See two contemporary accounts of the sieges of these castles, edited by Mr. Black, in the Excerpta Historica, p. 365. Cf. W. Wyrcestre. p. 439-449.
  16. Sere Peris le Brasylle. See a curious document printed by Sir Henry Ellis, from Cart. Antiq. Cotton. XXVII. 10 in the second series of his collection of Original Letters, vol. I. p. 131.
  17. Excepte a castelle in Northe Wales called Harlake. I cannot resist the temptation of taking the following lines from the poems of Lewis Glyn Cothi, relative to the future siege of Harlech castle–

    “Doves à’i, divasw wedd,
    Dareni daiar Wynedd;
    Jarll, oud ev a’r llu, nid A
    Ar wddv Eryri Wyddva.
    Dau err ei chael dri a chwech,–
    Un dàn harddlun yw Harddlech.
    Tynu à gwyr tònau gwin
    Peiriannus, val mab bernin.
    Uchel ewri a chalriwns,
    A tharvu gwyr à thwrv gwns;
    Saethu ‘mhob parth saith mil pen,
    A ‘u bwa o bob ywen:
    Clod wellwell, cludaw allan
    Goed mawr a fagodau màn;
    O wartha ‘r rhai’n, hyd yr hwyr,
    Arvogion a’u rhyvagwyr.
    Twry’r tair gwart Herbart hirborth
    Ty’ nu’r pen capten i’r porth.
    Ennillodd, eu ewyllys,
    Y brenin lech Browen Lys.
    Hywel Davydd ab Jevan ab Rhys.”

    As no translation is added in the published works of Glyn Cothi, it may be as well to give one here;–

    “He tamed, in no trifling manner,
    The lofty heights of Gweneth; (a*)
    No earl, save him and his followers, could ever mount
    Upon the neck of Snowdon, the Alpine of Eryri. (b*)
    There would climb up, to gain the ascent,
    Now three, –now six men, all at once;
    One beautifully formed fiery blaze is Harddlech! (c*)
    Men drawing from men waves of wine,– (d*)
    Loud the shouting — loud the blasts of clarions;
    Scattering of men, thundering of guns;
    Arrows flying in every quarter from seven thousand men,
    Using bows made of yew.
    Bravo! Bravo! they bring out large trees and faggots;
    They pile them up, and, behind the pile,
    Armed men are placed to continue there ’til night.
    Then Herbert, through the three wards,
    Brings forth the head captain in the porch.
    Thus King Edward, as it were, with one volition,
    Gained possession of Bronwen’s Court. (e*)

    This place was possessed in 1468 by Dafydd ap Jeuan ap Einion, — a strong friend of the house of Lancaster, distinguished for his valour and great stature. He was besieged here by William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke, after a march through the heart of our Alps, attended with incredible difficulties; for in some parts, the soldiers were obliged to climb; in others, to precipitate themselves down the rocks; and, at length, invested a place till that time deemed impregnable.
    a*–North Wales.
    b*–The mountains surrounding Snowden.
    c*–This couplet is metaphorical of the rapidity of Herbert’s motions.
    d*–i.e., streams of blood.
    e*–The castle was anciently called Twr Bronwen, after Bronwen, daughter of Llyr (King Lear), and aunt to the great Caractacus. See The Cambro-Briton, ii. 71. She is the subject of an old Welsh Romance.
    The Earl committed the care of the siege to Sir Richard, a hero of equal size to the British commandant. Sir Richard sent a summons of surrender, but Dafydd stoutly answered that he had kept a castle in France so long, that he made all the old women in Wales talk of him; and that he would keep this so long, that all the old women in France would talk of him. He at last surrendered, and Herbert had a hard struggle with Edward’s barbarous policy to save the noble defender’s life. —Pennant’s Tour of Wales, vol. II. p. 121-2. Margaret of Anjou found refuge in this Castle after the unfortunate battle of Northampton; and it has been conjectured that the song of “Farwel iti Peggy Ban” was composed on the occasion of her quitting it. On the peculiar advantages of the position of this castle, see The Cambrian Traveller’s Guide, p.574.

  18. An hole quinzisme and disme. See Rot. Parl. V. 497. This parliament met on the 29th of April, and continued to the following year.
  19. Whereof the peple grochede sore. The taxes which Edward appears to have levied were most onerous on the people, and partly served to pay for his extravagant luxury, which he seems to have carried to the extreme. —Cambrian Register, I. 78.
  20. The Erle of Warwyke was sent into Fraunce. Gagvin, in his Chronicon Franciæ, informs us that the Earl was received by the King Louis XI. at Rouen with great pomp; had secret conferences with him for twelve days consecutively; and was loaded with presents when he took his departure. It is curious to observe that the author of the fragment printed by Hearne refers to a French writer on this portion of his history.
  21. The Kynge was wedded to Elizabethe Gray. See a most quaint narrative of this marriage in William Habington’s History of Edward the Fourth, fol. 1640, pp.33-35. I find it stated in one place (MS. Harl. 2408.) that Edward’s mother attempted to hinder the marriage, by causing “another contract to be alleadged made by him with the Lady Elizabeth Lucy, on whom he had begot a child befor.” She seems, indeed, to have been most hostile to this imprudent and unpopular connexion:–

    “Married a woman? married indeed!
    Here is a marriage that befits a king!
    It is no marvaile it was done in hast;
    Here is a bridall, and with hell to boote,
    You have made worke.”
    Heywood’s First Part of Edward IV. Sig. A. ij.

    The author of Hearne’s fragment, however, speaks in praise of the marriage, — “Howbeit that lewde felowe that drew thois last brent cronicles, abusid himsel gretely in his discordid wrigting for lakke of knowlege.” (P. 293.)

  22. Slayne at Yorke felde. Sir John Grery was slain at the second battle of St. Albans, fought on the 17th Feb. 1460-1. — J.G.N.
  23. The Bysshope of Excetre. George Neville, made Chancellor the 25th July 1460. He was translated to the archbishopric of York, 17th June 1465. — J.G.N.
  24. The Bysshope of Bath. Robert Stilltington. He did not receive the seal until 8th June 1468, previously to which Robert Kirkham had been Keeper. — J.G.N.
  25. Kyng Edwarde dide that he myght to feble the Erles powere. We have, however, in an act passed subsequently to this period, an especial clause that the same act “be not prejudiciall or hurtyng unto Richard Neville, Erle of Warrewyk.” —Rot. Parl. 4. Edw. IV.
  26. Gadred a grete peple of the northe contre. The following very curious document is from a MS. in the College of Arms (L. 9):–
    “Anno Edwardi quarti quatro et mensis Maij die xxvij. scilicet in die san[c]te Trinitatis.
    “The Kyng lay in the Palois of York, and kept his astate solemply; and tho there create he Sir John Nevelle, Lord Mowntage, Erle of Northumberland. And than my lorde of Warrewike toke uppon hym the jorney, by the Kynges commandement and auctoritee, to resiste the Rebellions of the Northe, acompanyed with hym my sayde Lorde of Northumberland his brother.
    “Item, the xxiij{ti} day of Juyne, my saide Lorde of Warrewike, with the puissaunce, cam before the castelle of Alwike, and ad it delivered by appointement; And also the castell of Dunstanboroughe, where that my said Lord kept the feest of Saint Johñ Baptist.
    “Item, my said Lorde of Warrewike, and his broder Erle of Northumberland, the xxv. day of Juyn, leyede siege unto the Castell of Bamburghe, there within being Sir Rauf Grey, with suche power as attendid for to keepe the said castelle ayen the power of the Kinges and my said Lord, as it apperith by the heroudes reporte, by the whiche my Lord sent to charge them to delyvere it under this forme, as ensewithe: Chester, the Kinges heroude, and Warrewike the heroude, had this commaundement, as foloweth –to say unto Sir Rauf Gray, and to other that kept his Rebelliouse oppynyon, that they shule delivere that place contynent aftyr that summacion, and every man for the tyme being disposed to receyve the Kynges grace, my said Lord of Warrewike, the Kinges lieutenant, and my Lord of Northumberland, Wardeyn of themarches, grauntith the Kyng[‘s] grace and pardon, body, lyvelodes, reservyng ij. persounes, is understoude, Sir Humfrey Neville and Sir Rauf Grey, thoo tweyn to be oute of the Kinges grace, without any redempcion. Than the answere of Sir Rauf Grey followithe unto the said heroudes, he clerely determynyng withinne hymself to liffe or to dye within the said place; the heroudes, according to my Lordes commandement, charged hym with all inconveniences that by possible myght fall in offence ayenst Allemyghty God, and sheding of bloode; the heroude saying in this wise, ‘My Lordes ensurithe yow, upon their honour, to susteyne siege before yowe these vij. yeres, or elles to wynne yowe.’
    “Item, my sayde Lorde Lieutenant, and my Lord Wardeyn, hath yeven us ferther comaundement to say unto yowe, if ye deliver not this Juelle, the whiche the king our most dradde soverain Lord hath so gretly in favour, seing it marcheth so nygh hys awncient enemyes of Scotland, he specially desirethe to have it, hoole, unbroken, with ordennaunce; if ye suffre any greet gunne laide unto the wal, and be shote and prejudice the wal, it shall cost yowe the Chiftens hede; and so prodeding for every gunne shet, to the leest hede of any persoune within the said place. Than the saide Sir Rauf Grey deperted from the saide heroud, ant put hym in devoir to make deffence.
    “And than my Lorde lieutenant hade ordennede alle the Kinges greet gonnes that where charged at oons to shute unto the said Castelle, Newe-Castel the Kinges greet gonne, and London the second gonne of irne; the whiche betyde the place, that stones of the walles flewe unto the see; Dysyon, a brasin gonne of the Kinges, smote thouroughe Sir Rauf Grey’s chamber oftentymes; Edward and Richard Bombartell, and other of the Kinges ordennaunce, so occupied by the ordonnaunce of my said Lord, with men of armes and archirs, wonne the castelle of Bamburg with asawte, mawgrey Sir Rauf Grey, and tooke hym, and brought hym to the Kynge to Doncastre, and there was he execut in this fourme as followth. My lorde Erle of Worcestre, Connestable of Englond, sitting in jugement, told hym jugement, and remambrid hym, saying unto hym; “Sir Rauf Grey, thou hast take the ordir of Knyghthode of the Batthe, and any soe taking that ordir to kepe his faithe the whiche he makes; therfor remembre the[e] the lawe! wilt thou shall procede to jugement? thees maters shewith so evidently agayn the, that they nedithe not to examyn the of them, by certein persounes of the Kinges true subgettes, the whiche thou hast wounded, and shewithe here that thou canst not deny this; thou hast drawen the with force of armes unto the Kyng oure most natural soverain Lorde, the whiche tho wotest wele yave unto the suche trust, and in suche wise mynystred his grace unto the, that thou haddist his castels in the Northe partie to kepe; thou hast betraied Sir John Asteley Knyght, and brother of the gartier, whiche remaignethe in the hand of the Kynge oure souverain Lord enemyes in Fraunce.
    “Item, thou hast withstoud and maade fences ageynst the Kynges maiestie, and his lieutenant the worthy Lorde my broder of Warrwike; it apperith by the strookes of the greet gunnes in the Kyng walles of his castell of Bamburghe. For the[se] causes, dispost the to suffre thy penaunce aftyr the lawe. The Kyng had ordenned that thou shuldest have hadd thy sporys striken of by hard heles, with the hand of the maister cooke, that whiche is here redy to doo, as was promysed at the tyme he tooke thy spurres; he said to yee, as ys accustumed, that ‘And thou be not true to thy souverain Lord, I shal smyte of thy sporys with this knyf herd by the helys,’ and so shewne hym the maistre cooke redy to doo his office, with apron and his knyff.
    “Item, Sir Rauff Grey, the Kyng has ordenned here, thou maist see, the Kynge of armes and heroudes, and thine own propre cote of armes, that whiche they shuld teere of thy body, and so thou shuldist be wel disgraded of thy worshipp, noblesse, and armes, as of the order of Knyghthode; and also here is an oder cote of thin armes reversed, the which thou shuldest have werne of thy body, going to that dethe warde, for that belongethe aftyr the lawe. Notwithstanding, of the disgrading of knyghthode, and of thine armes, et noblesse, the King pardons that for thy noble grauntfader, the whiche suffrid trouble for the Kinges moost noble predecesseurs.* Than, Sir Rauf Grey, this shal be thy penaunce, –thou shalt goo on thy feet unto the towneseend, and there thou shalte be laide downe and drawen to a scaffold maade for thee, and that thou shalt have thyne hede smite of thi body, to be buriede in the freres; thi heede where it pleased the Kyng.”
    *Sir Ralph Grey, of Wark, Heton, and Chillingham (lineal ancestor of the Earls of Tankerville, as well as of the present Earl Grey) was the grandson of Sir Thomas Grey, beheaded at Southampton with the Earl of Cambridge, Aug. 5, 1415. See the whole-sheet pedigree of Grey in Raine’s North Durham. — J.G.N.
  27. Were takene and afterward behedede. “Quintodecimo die mensis Maij, apud Exham, decapitati sunt Dux Somersett, Edmunus Fizthu miles, Bradshaw, Wauter Hunt, Blac Jakis. Decimo-septimo die mensis Maij, apud Novum-Castrum, decapitati sunt Dominus de Hungarforde, Dominus Roos, Dominus Thomas Fynderum, Edwardus de la Mare, Nicholaus Massam. Apud Medetham, xviij{o} die mensis Maij, decapitati sunt Dominus Philippus Wentworth, Willielmus Penyngton, Warde de Topcliff, Oliverus Wentworth, Willielmus Spilar, Thomas Hunt, le foteman Regis Henrici. Apud Eboracum, xxv{o} die mensis Maij, decapitati sunt Dominus Thomas Husye, Thomas Gosse, Robertus Merfynn, Johannes Butlerus, Rogerus Water, janitor Regis Henrici, Thomas Fenwyke, Robertus Cocfeld, Willielmus Bryte, Willielmus Dawsonn, Johannes Chapman. Apud Eboracum, xxviij{o} die mensis Maij, decapitati sunt Johannes Elderbek, Ricardus Cawerum, Johannes Roselle, Robertus Conqueror.” —MS. Arundel Coll. Arm. 5, fol. 170, r{o}.
  28. Chaunged the coyn of Englonde. This whole passage is transcribed by Stowe, nearly word for word, in his chronicle, pp. 418-19. “Mense Octobris, fecit Rex proclamare Radingiæ, et per totem Angliam, quod unum nobile Regis Henrici valeret viij. s. iiij. d., fecitque novum Cunagium turri Londoniæ, ad summum dampnum magnatum regni.” —W. Wycestre Annales, p. 500. Cf. Archæologia, XV, 165; and Sir Henry Ellis’s edition of Grafton’s Continuation of Harding’s Chronicle, p. 437.
  29. And also he made angelle noblys of vj. s. viij. d. i.e. he made the noble of that price, and changed its name to that of angel; Hearne’s Fragment, p.194. A very short time previously the noble was of comparatively trifling value. —MS. Ch. Ant. Eg. 88.
  30. A blacke monke of Abyngtone. In the curious fragment printed by Hearne at the end of the Chronicle of Sprottus, we are informed that William Cantlow was the name of this rascal. Henry’s capture, in the MS. No. 5, in the College of Arms, is placed under the year 1465: –“Hoc et anno, circiter festum Apostolorum Petri et Pauli, captus est Henricus Sextus, nuper Rex Anglie, du[c]tus et publice per Chepam Londonie, cum aliis secum captis; ductus usque ad Turrim Londonie, ibique honorifice commendatus custodie mansit.” Fol. 170, v{o}.
  31. Bungerley Hyppyngstones. This was a ford, obtained by stepping-stones, across the river Ribble. –J.G.N.
  32. Thomas Talbott, sonne and heyre to Sere Edmund Talbot of Basshalle. Sir Edmund Talbot, of Bashall, in the parish of Milton, co. York, died in the 1st Edw. IV. His son, Sir Thomas, was then under age (pedigree Whitaker’s History of Craven, 2d edit. 1812, p. 25); but there can be little doubt that, before his traitorous achievement, he had married Alice, daughter of Sir John Tempest, of Bracewell, under whose protection the unfortunate King was then living. Beside the present reward mentioned in the ensuing note, Sir Thomas Talbot appears to have received a yearly pension of 40l.., which was confirmed by Richard III. (pedigree, as above.) He survived to the 13th Hen. VII. His father-in-law, Sir John Tempest, was Sheriff of Yorkshire in 18 and 37 Henry VI. (see pedigree of Tempest in Whitaker’s Craven, p. 80.)–J.G.N.
  33. Thomas Talbott. In the Issue Rolls of the Exchequer of 3 Edw. IV. are the statements of monies paid to this gentleman and others for taking Henry, late de facto et non de jure King of England. It appears that Sir James Haryngton and Sir John Tempest were also concerned in the capture; but the fact of Sir Thomas Talbot being the chief actor is confirmed by the amount of their relative rewards, he receiving 100l. and they each 100 marks. Their “costs and charges” amounting to 100 marks, were also paid. John Levessey also received a reward of 20l., and William Rogers of Serne and David Colinley, valets of the King’s chamber, together 6l. 13s. 4d. On the 9th of July 1465, Edward, in consideration of “magnum et laboriosam diligentiam suam circa captionem et retinentiam magni proditoris, rebellis, et inimici nostri Henrici, nuper vocati Regis Henrici Sexti, per ipsum Jacobum factum,” gave to Sir James Haryngton a grant of Thurland Castle and other lands, formerly belonging to Richard Tunstell,* a partizan of Henry. —Fœdera, XI. 458.
    “My ancestor, Sir James Haryngton, did once take prisoner, with his party, this poor prince; for which the House of York did graunt him a parcel of lands in the northern coutnies, and which he was fool enough to lose again, after the battle of Bosworth, when King Henry the Seventh came to the crown.” —Haryngton’s Nugæ Antiquæ, by T. Park, vol. II. pp.385-86. Cf. Rot. Parl. V. 584, and Devon’s Issue Rolls of the Exchequer, p. 489.
    [Sir James Harrington was of Brierley near Barnsley; a younger brother of Sir John Harrington, of Hornby, who had fallen on the Yorkists’ side at the battle of Wakefield in 1460; their father, Sir Thomas, also dying of his wounds the day after the same battle. Sir James had, in 6 Edw. IV. a grant of 340l. from the issues of the county of York. Both he and his younger brother, Sir Robert Harrington, were attainted after the battle of Bosworth in 1 Hen. VII. See further respecting him in Hunter’s Deanery of Doncaster, vol. ii., p. 403; to which it may be added that it is probably of him that Leland speaks: “There was a younger brother of the Haryngtons that had in gifte Horneby Castle.” (Itn. viii. f. 109a.), that is, he had it for a time to the prejudice of his nieces, the heirs of his elder brother.–J.G.N.]
    *The great extent of these possissions may be seen in the Great Roll of the Pipe for 1 Edw. IV. com. Westmorland.
  34. Jhon Talbott his cosyne of Colebry. That is, of Salesbury, in the parish of Blackburn, co. Lancaster; see Whitaker’s Whalley, 3d edit., 1819, p. 432. A yearly fee of twenty marks was granted by King Edward in consideration of the good and faithful service of Johannes Talbot de Salebury, Esq. ” in captura magni adversarii sui Henrici,” until he received a grant of lands or tenements to the like value; and the same annuity was confirmed to his son Sir John Talbot, of Salebury, by King Richard the Third. See the grant of the confirmation dated York 6th June 1484, printed in Baines History of Lancashire, vol. i. p. 421. — J.G.N.
  35. Whiche disseyvide. i.e. which King Henry, deceived.
  36. Wadyngtone Hall. Waddington is a chapelry within the parish of Milton, little more than a mile from Bashall. It had belonged to the Temptests of Bracewell from the time of Edward I. Dr. Whitaker says (Hist. of Craven, p. 25), “Waddington Hall, though constructed on strong old masonry, has nearly lost all appearance of antiquity. But one room contains the name of King Henry’s chamber.” In the History of Whalley, p. 473, will be seen an etching of the ruins. At Bracewell also, (which is now likewise in ruins,) in the older stone portion of the house, “is an apartment called King Henry’s Parlour; undoubtedly one of the retreats of Henry VI.” (Ibid. p. 82.) At Bolton, in the same neighbourhood, after describing a very ancient hall, and its canopy over the high table, Dr. Whitaker adds, “In this very hall, and probably under the same canopy, that unhappy monarch ate the bread of affliction during a retreat, as is reported by tradition, of several months. An adjoining well retains the name of King Harry, who is said to have directed it to be dug and walled, in its present shape, for a cold bath.” It is at Bolton where there are still preserved three relics of King Henry, a boot, a glove, and a spoon; figures of which are engraved in the Gentleman’s Magazine for June 1785, and again in the History of Craven, p.106. The boot and glove are remarkably small, and show, in Dr. Whiataker’s words, that “in an age when the habits of the great, in peace as well as war, required perpetual exertions of bodily strength, this unhappy prince must have been equally contemptible from the corporeal and from mental imbecility.”– J.G.N.
  37. His lege bownde to the styrope. One author, and as far as I have been able to find he is the only authority for it, says, that Henry was immediately cast into chains. —Matthæi Palmesii Pisani Continuatio Chronici Eusebiana, ed. Venetiis, 1483, fol. 155, v{o}. According to some writers, Henry’s two religious friends, Drs. Manning and Bedle, were the only companions of his misfortures. –Cf. Monstrelet, IV. 182.
  38. By the Lorde Harberde. “Et castrum forte in Wallia per dominum Harbarde captum est, et Dominus Ricardus Tunstalle, cum ceteris ibi inventis, captus est, et in Turri Londonie clausus, qui tum in breve gratiam a Rege consecutus est. Duo nobiles ex illic capti decollati sunt.” —MS. Arundel, Coll. Arm. 5, fol. 171, r{o}. There is a grant to Lord Herbert for his services in Rot. Pat. 3 Edw. IV.
  39. By lawe padowe. I do not understand the meaning of the word “Padowe,” except it be Paduan.
  40. And in vij. yere. An anonymous scribbler says, that in this year there was, throughout England, a hurricane (vehementissimus venius) which lasted for more than thirty-six hours. —MS. Arundel, Mus. Brit. 220. fol. 279, v{o}.
  41. Were takene for treasoune and behedede. See a valuable and curious note by Mr. Stapleton, in his volume of the Plumpton Correspondence, pp.18, 19. This happened “circiter octavum Epiphanie.” —MS. Arundel, Coll. Arm. 5, fol. 171, r{o}.