Part VII: Warkworth’s Chronicle

The Warkworth Chronicle: Part VII

Warkworth’s Chronicle

Endnotes to Part VI.


  1. At Ravenyspore. See Mr. Jones’s Essay on the Rival Roses, p. xxv.
  2. Nevere wulde clayme no title. He took a solemn oath to that effect; Cf. MS. Sloan. 3479, and MS. Harl. 2408.
  3. And in dyner tyme Kynge Edwarde was late in. Edward was admitted to London on the 11th of April. The Archbishop suffered himself to be taken at the same time, but was released in two days afterwards, and obtained full pardon. There is one remarkable cirumstance in this pardon; it remits all crimes before April the 13th, and yet is dated April the 10th, the day probably on which the Archbishop agreed with Edward to admit him into the city. See Carte’s History of England, book 13, p. 787. n., and Fœdera, XI. 709. Warkworth remarks very strongly upon his conduct. Cf. MS. Bib. Coll. Trin. Oxon. 62 (10).
  4. The sunne with stremys. The crest of the Kynaston coat is supposed to have been assumed from this time, and in allusion to this event.
  5. And ther was slayne. A very comprehensive list is given in MS. Arundel, Mus. Brit. 28, fol. 25, v{o}. The brass matrix of the seal of the Earl of Warwick, taken from him when he was slain, is in the British Museum; an impression may be seen among the charters, xxxiv. 33.
  6. Lord Barnes sonne and heyre. Sir Humphrey Bourchier. His gravestone remains in Westmnster Abbey, denuded of his figure in brass plate, but retaining an epitaph for fourteen Latin hexameters, commemorative of his prowess and the scene of his death. They commence–

    “Hic pugil ecce jacens, Bernett fera bella cupiscens,
    Certat ut Eacides, &c. &c.

    See engravings in Gough’s Sepulchral Monuments, vol. II. pl. LXXXVI; Harding’s Antiquities in Westminster Abbey, pl. VIII. It may be remarked that the word in the eighth line read parvulus by Gough, &c. is really pimulus, i.e. primulus, used instead of primus for the sake of metre. — J.G.N.

  7. Lord Say. This nobleman was formerly on the Lancastrian side, but received Edward’s pardon on the 5th of May, 1462; Chart. Antiq. Mus. Brit. VIII. 13.
  8. Kynge Herry was put into the Toure ayene. See Devon’s Issue Rolls of the Exchequer, p. 491.
  9. And gaderet grete peple. Bouchet, in Les Annales d’Acquitaine, says that there were plus de lx. mil hommes armez. Edit. Par. 1558, fol. 121, v{o}.
  10. And ther he made a felde. The place where the battle of Tewkesbury was fought is now called Glaston Meadow. —Rudder’s History of Gloucestershire, p. 736. I have been further assured that this field is now called the Bloody-Field by the common people living near the spot.
  11. –Cf. Memoires Olivier de la Marche. Edit. Brux. 1616, p. 502.
  12. And there was slayne in the felde Prynce Edward. –“Confectus apud Tewkysbery per Edwardum Regem quartum.” Rot. Harl. C. 7, Memb. 5.
  13. Were behedede. The prior of St. John’s in Smithfield was among them. –MS. Arund. Coll. Arm. 5, fol. 171, v{o}
  14. Nogtwithstondynge the Kynges pardon. Edward’s policy was despotic in the extreme; he told De Comines that it was his object to spare the common people, but cut off the gentry. The destruction of these noblemen and gentlemen was an awful example of his barbarity, as well as his deficiency of common honesty.
  15. At Algate and at London Brygge. “Super pontem Londonie, cum dominibus quibusdam adjacentibus, combusserunt, et similiter alias juxta Algate succederunt.” –MS. Arundel, Mus. Brit. 28, fol. 25, v{o}, this event is stated to have taken place on the 14th of May, — xiiij{o} die mensis Maij supra dict’; the anonymous scribbler of the notes in this MS. informs us that Lord Rivers put the Bastard to flight.
  16. Juperdy. i.e. jeopardy.
  17. –See this proverb illustrated in Sir Walter Scott’s novel of the Abbot, iii. 91-2.
  18. Was behedede. This event took place two days before Michaelmas in the same year, his head was placed upon London Bridge “lokyng into Kent warde.” —Paston Correspondence, ii. 82. Cf. MS. Arundel, Mus. Brit. fol. 25, v{o}.
  19. And ther he was worschipfully receyvid. “Eodem mensis Maii die xxj{o}. redit Rex Edwardus ad civitatem Londonie, cum nobili triumpho.” –MS. Arundel, Mus. Brit. 28, fol. 25, v{o}. The same writer says that he brought Queen Margaret with him in curru precedente exercitum. In this triumph he was accompanied by the Dukes of Clarence, Gloucester, Norfolk, Suffolk, and Buckingham; also the Earls of Northumberland, Shrewsbury, Rivers, Essex, Worcester, Pembroke, &c. See the long list given in the same MS.
  20. Was put to dethe. “He dyid put to silence in the Tour of London, the xxj. day of May, a{o} 1471, buryid first at Chertsey and after at Wyndsore.” — Rot. Lansd. Mus. Brit. 6. In the old ballad of the “Wandering Jew’s Chronicle” this event is thus versified:–

    “I saw the white and red rose fight,
    And Warwick gret in armour bright,
    In the Sixth Henries reign;
    And present was that very hour,
    When Henry was in London Tower,
    By Crookt-backt Richard slain.”

    But this subject has been so much before the reader that I refrain from adding more. I give, however, a few references, from my miscellaneous notes, which may assist any future inquirer who desires to investigate more at length into various matters connected with the popular opinion of Henry VI. after his death, his burial places, &c. —Widmore’s History of Westminster Abbey, pp.118-120; Ashmole’s History of the Order of the Garter, p. 136; MS. Cotton. Cleop. E. III.; Monast. I. 277; British Topographer, II. 112, n; Gent. Mag. LVI.; MS. Cole Collect. XLII. 378; ib. XIII; Hormanni Vulgaria, Lond. 1519, fol.3, r{o};Barrington on the Statutes, p. 253; Parker Antiq. Brit. Eccl. 229, edit. Drake, p.447; Fuller’s Church History, IV. 153; Wilkin’s Concil. IV. 635; Spelman, II. 720; Walpole’s Fugitve Pieces; MS. Sloan. 1441.

  21. Caryed to Chyrchesey Abbey in a bote. Henry’s body was protected by soldiers from Calais, and, rather singularly, for the possession of that city had been a hard point of contention between the rival parties. The extreme anxiety of Queen Margaret to possess it, may be seen from a very curious document now preserved in the Royal Archives of France, and the title of which is given in MS. Addit. Mus. Brit. 9346, fol. 116, r{o}.
    In the Issue Rolls of the Exchequer, we find money paid to Hugh Brice on the 24th of June for the expenses of Henry’s funeral, for conveying his body from the Tower to St. Paul’s, and from thence to Chertsey. From these and several other statements of expenses in the same rolls, it fully appears that every respect was paid to the corpse; but Mr. Devon has attempted to draw from this an argument for the natural death of the King, not taking into consideration that the very fact of much attention having been paid to his funeral obsequies would render it more than probable that it was done to conceal the appearance of any hostile feeling: had Henry died a natural death, it appears to me that the haste of Edward’s departure into Kent, and the length of time necessarily elapsing before he could have become acquainted with the news, would have almost rendered any definite orders for his funeral next to impossible. Many writers have committed the error of affirming that Henry was buried without honours. — Camden’s Britiannia, edit. Gough, I. 167.
  22. –The names of these aldermen are given by Stowe, Edit. 1755, Survey of London, II. 222.
  23. One Fauntt of Canterbury. In the Issue Roll of the Exchequer, 11 Edw. IV. we find the sum of 1l. 3s. 4d. paid to one John Belle, for the value of a horse and harness to conduct this Nicholas Faunte from the Tower of London to the King, then in Kent. Hasted is one of the very few writers who quotes Warkworth’s Chronicle, which he does on this point.. –History of Kent, IV. 433.
    In the Introduction I have extracted from Lidgate’s poem on the King’s of England; and for want of a better situation, I here give another version of the stanzas on the reigns of Henry VI. and Edward IV. from a MS. of the commencement of the sixteenth century:–

    “The vj{th} Henry his sone was after him fosterede in all vertu,
    By just titull and by inheritaunce,
    By grace afore provyde of Criste Jhesu,
    To were ij crownes bothe in Inglande and in Fraunce.
    Above erthly thingis all God was in his remembraunce;
    What vertuus lyfe he led his myraculis now declare!
    xxxix. yere he bare dyadym and septure,
    In Wyndesore College of the Garter he lyethe in his sepulture.

    “After Henry the vj{th}, Goddis campyoun and trewe knyght,
    Edward iiij{th} obteynede Septure and Crowne,
    From the by Plantagenate habynge titule and right,
    xxij. yere the saide Edwarde flowerede withe wysdome, riches and renowne.
    Grete welthe and plente in his dayes all penery put downe,
    All Cristyn princes were glade withe hym amyte to make,
    Whiche onely with a loke made Fraunce and Scotlande to quake;
    In the College of the Garter, where he governoure was and hede,
    He chase the place of his sepulture, for his body to be beriede in when he was dede.”
    MS. Bib. Reg. 18 D. II. fol. 182. vo{o}

    This version is completely remodelled; the MS. Sloan. 1986 (fol. 199 r{o}.–213, v{o}) contains another different edition of the fifteenth century.