Ricardian Sources


     Ricardian studies offer a fertile field for the armchair investigator, the amateur student of history, and the professional historian alike. This section offers reading lists for Richard III and related topics at a variety of levels. (Please note that this is not intended to be an exhaustive bibliography, but rather a sampling of past and current publications.)
Note: Members of the society may contact the librarian from the members only section, and of course, everyone can go to their local public library and request an Interlibrary Loan.
Suggestions for Selected Ricardian Topics:

I. A Ricardian Primer
A. Biographies
B. Histories and Collections
C. Recent Popular Works
D. Selected Fiction
II. New / Noteworthy / Classics — Titles that do not necessarily fit elsewhere [like Louise Gill on Buckingham’s rebellion, or Jonathan Hughes’ books on Richard’s piety and Edward IV’s alchemy.]
III. Reading lists for specific Ricardian topics
A. The Back to Basics Series — issues, personalities, and more.
B. William Hastings — Execution
C. The Deaths of Edward of Lancaster and Henry VI
D. The Disappearance of the Princes
E. The Death of George of Clarence and other Clarence Scholarship
F. The Pretenders
G. Lady Eleanor Talbot-Butler
H. The Battle of Bosworth [this links to a page in the Bosworth section and will open in a new window]
I. Fifteenth-Century Life [this links to a page in the Fifteenth Century Life section and will open in a new window]
J. A List of Relevant Published and Online Bibliographies
K. Fifteenth Century Biographies
IV. Articles on authors, contemporary reports and additional bibliographies
V. Additional Resources: books and articles not included elsewhere are listed alphabetically by author here.
I. Ricardian Primer
This reading list was compiled for the beginning Ricardian scholar.
A.  Biographies
1. Cheetham, Anthony. The Life and Times of Richard III (1972; reprinted 1992). Well illustrated and sympathetic, although concluding Richard guilty of the demise of his nephews. [Buy used from Amazon.com]
2. Cunningham, Sean. (comp.) Richard III: A Royal Enigma. Four-color, full-page illustrations of major Yorkist and Tudor documents, accompanied by modern English version of texts and compiler’s interpretation of events. [Buy from Amazon.com]
3. Kendall, Paul Murray. Richard the Third (1955). The “standard” biography of Richard III for over 25 years. Highly readable and sympathetic, with excellent sources and bibliography. [Buy from Amazon.com]
4. Pollard, A.J. Richard III and the Princes in the Tower (1991). Pollard can be described as a “moderate traditionalist,” but this excellent, carefully reasoned, meticulously researched, and lavishly illustrated volume is worth a leisurely reading. Brings the progress of fifteenth-century studies into sharp focus for the general reader. [Buy used from Amazon.com]
5. Ross, Charles D. Richard III (1981). The new “standard biography.” Very scholarly, fairly traditionalist in tone, but full of solid information. [Buy from Amazon.com]
B.  Histories and Collections
1. Barber, Richard (ed.) The Pastons, A Family in the Wars of the Roses. (1981) [Buy from Amazon.com]
2. Castor, Helen. Blood and Roses. (2004) Paston family and Norfolk in the Wars of the Roses. [Buy from Amazon.com]
3. Crawford, Anne. (ed.) Letters of Medieval Women (2002). Modern English versions bring 15th century personalities and events to life. Cecily Neville’s letters are most relevant to Richard III, but Paston and Stonor letters also qualify. [Buy used from Amazon.com]
4. Dockray, Keith. Richard III: A Reader in History (1988), now out of print [Buy used from Amazon.com]; Richard III: A Sourcebook (1997) — [Buy used from Amazon.com]. Excerpts from important primary and secondary sources, suitable for teaching a range of students from “oppressed thirteen year olds” through undergraduates.
5. Gillingham, John. (ed.) Richard III: a Medieval Kingship (1995), [ISBN 1855852039]. Seven essays cover Richard’s approach to governing England. [Search for it onAddAll or Buy used from Amazon.com]
6. Gillingham, John. The Wars of the Roses: Peace and Conflict in 15th Century England (1981) An outstanding reference source with the author giving his perspective on what happened and why it happened. [Buy used from Amazon.com]
7. Hammond, P.W., and Sutton, A.F. Richard III: The Road to Bosworth Field (1985). The most significant contemporary sources reprinted in one well-illustrated volume.[Buy used from Amazon.com]
8. Kendall, P.M. The Yorkist Age (1962). Good account of daily life in Yorkist times. [Buy used from Amazon.com]
9. Kendall, P.M. (ed.) Richard III: The Great Debate (1962). The text of Sir Thomas More’s History of King Richard III and Horace Walpole’s Historic Doubts. [Buy used from Amazon.com]
10. Lander, J.R., Conflict and Stability in 15th Century England. Reviews life in 15th C England in a concise and succinct manner; argues that the extent of civil conflict was small compared with former and later ages. [Search for it on AddAll]
11. Lander, J.R., The Wars of the Roses (1990). Professor  Lander uses written records of the era as background for his analysis of this period; argues conflicts were limited and local conflicts overshadowed the feud between Lancaster & York. [Buy from Amazon.com]
12. Laynesmith, J. The Last Medieval Queens: English Queenship 1445 – 1503 (2004). A balanced evaluation of how Margaret of Anjou, Elizabeth Woodville, Anne Neville, and Elizabeth of York influenced events. [Buy from Amazon.com]
13. Littleton, T., and Rea, R. To Prove a Villain (1964). The “case” for and against. An excellent one-volume source book, used by educators as a text for courses on the subject. Includes the full text of Shakespeare’s Richard III and The Daughter of Time by Josephine Tey as well as significant excerpts from writers from Richard III’s time to the present day. [Buy used from Amazon.com]
14. Petre, J. (ed).  Richard III, Crown and People (1985). A selection of important articles from The Ricardian. [Search for it on AddAll. Hard to find.]
15. Potter, Jeremy. Good King Richard? (1983). Unabashedly pro-Richard account by the former chairman of the Richard III Society. [Search for it on AddAll or Buy used from Amazon.com]
16. Wood, Charles T. Joan of Arc and Richard III: Sex, Saints, and Government in the Middle Ages (1988). Comparative constitutional histories of England and France, using the lives of Joan and Richard as exemplars. Traditional in tone; though many Ricardians debate Wood’s conclusions, this lively and thought-provoking volume is worthwhile for its interesting perspective on the reign. [Buy from Amazon.com]


  C. “Popular” Accounts
1. Bevan, B. Henry VII, The First Tudor King (2000) [Buy from Amazon.com]
2. Costain, T. The Last Plantagenets (1962). History of the kings of England from 1367-1485 by popular novelist. [Buy used from Amazon.com]
3. Fields, Bertram. Royal Blood (1998). A celebrity lawyer looks at the case and marshals the evidence pro and con. [Buy from Amazon.com]
4. Jenkins, Elizabeth. The Princes in the Tower (1978). (See Disappearance of tthe Princes section]
5. Jones, Michael K. Bosworth 1485 (2002). A controversial interpretation of Yorkist and Lancastrian motives underlying the Battle of Bosworth. [ISBN 0752423347][Search for it on AddAll or Buy used from Amazon.com]
6. Seward, Desmond. Richard III: England’s Black Legend (1983). The title says it all… [Buy used from Amazon.com]
7. Weir, Alison, Lancaster and York: The Wars of the Roses (1995). Author’s conclusions/judgments need taking with a pinch of salt. [Buy from Amazon.com]
8. Weir, Alison. The Princes in the Tower (1992). A lot of Ricardians (and traditionalist historians) take issue with the scholarship in this vehemently anti-Richard account. [Buy from Amazon.com]
9. Williamson, Audrey. The Mystery of the Princes: An Investigation into a Supposed Murder (1978). This strongly revisionist popular account is well footnoted and researched. Some of her conclusions are surprising, but based on well researched factual data. [Buy used from Amazon.com]
D. Selected Historically accurate fictions (Select Ricardian Fiction in the navigation bar for an extensive list of fictional works.)
1. Penman, Sharon Kay. The Sunne in Splendour (1982). Another best-seller. Historically-accurate romance with sympathetic treatment of Richard. [Buy from Amazon.com]
2. Tey, Josephine. The Daughter of Time (1951). Reprinted as a Macmillan mystery classic and available at most mass-market book stores. Richard’s character and the mystery of the Princes are deciphered by a modern-day detective. [Buy from Amazon.com]
3. Go to the Ricardian Fiction page for a more comprehensive list. The two mentioned titles are just the beginning!
III. New / Noteworthy / Classics
A. Matthew Davies (ed) The Merchant Taylors’ Company of London: Court Minutes 1486-1493. [Search for it on AddAll]
B. H.T Evans, Wales and the Wars of the Roses (1915, reprinted 1998) [ISBN 075091873X] [Search for it on AddAll or Buy used from Amazon.com]
C. Louise Gill , Richard III and Buckingham’s Rebellion (2000) [ISBN 0750916869] [Search for it on AddAll]
D. Caroline Halstead (1844), Richard III as Duke of Gloucester and King of England. (Strongly biased to Richard.) [Buy: Volume 1 from Amazon.comVolume 2 from Amazon.com]
E. Rosemary Horrox (ed.), Fifteenth Century Attitudes [Search for it on AddAll]
F. Carole Rawcliffe, Medicine and Society in Later Medieval England (1998) [Buy used from Amazon.com]
G. Compton Reeves, Pleasures and Pastimes in Medieval England [Buy used from Amazon.com]
H. Jonathan Hughes, The Religious Life of Richard III [Buy used from Amazon.com]
I. Jonathan Hughes, Arthurian Myths and Alchemy (Edward IV) [Buy used from Amazon.com]
J. Cora Scofield (1923) The Life and Reign of Edward IV. Classic work, out of print. [ISBN 071461047X] [Search for it on AddAll or Buy used from Amazon.com]
K. Alexandra Sinclair (ed.) The Beauchamp Pageant. (2004) Facsimile of medieval life of Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick. [ISBN 190028961X[Search for it on AddAllor Buy used from Amazon.com]
L. Anne. F. Sutton & P.W. Hammond (Eds.), The Coronation of Richard III, Anne. F. Sutton & P.W. Hammond (Eds.). Includes useful biographies. [ISBN 0312169795][Search for it on AddAll or Buy used from Amazon.com]
M. Anne F. Sutton and Livia Visser-Fuchs, The Hours of Richard III [ISBN 0750911840[Search for it on AddAll or Buy from Amazon.com]
N. Anne F. Sutton and Livia Visser-Fuchs, Richard III’s Books [ISBN 0750914068[Search for it on AddAll or Buy from Amazon.com]
O. Michalove & Reeves, ed., Estrangement, Enterprise and Education in 15th Century England [Search for it on AddAll]
P. Additional Richard III Society and/or Branch conference proceedings
Q. Anthony J Pollard, The Worlds of Richard III (2001) [ISBN 0752419854[Search for it on AddAll or Buy used from Amazon.com]
R. Rosemary Horrox et al, Richard III, A Study in Service. (1998) [Buy from Amazon.com]
S. Diana Wood (ed) Women and Religion in Medieval England (2003) [Buy from Amazon.com]
IV. Reading lists for specific Ricardian topics
A. The Back to Basics Series — issues, personalities, and more. [This link opens in a new window.]
B. William Hastings — Execution
1. Attreed, Lorraine, Hanham Redivivus – A Salvage Operation, Ricardian, vol. 5, no. 65 (1979), pp. 41-50. A summary of the dating controversy.
2. Coleman, C.H.D., The Execution of Hastings, a neglected Source, Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research, vol. 53 (1980), pp. 244-247. Brings to light an unambiguous entry in the Black Book of the Exchequer.
2. Hanham, Alison, Richard III, Lord Hastings and the Historians, English Historical Review, vol. 87 (1972), pp. 233- 248. Revives Markham’s argument (see below), based on a passage in the Acts of Court of the Mercers’ Company, 1453-1527 (1936). [Search for it on AddAll]
4. Hanham, Richard III and His Early Historians, 1975, Oxford University Press. [Search for it on AddAll or Buy used from Amazon.com]
5. Hanham, Alison, Hastings Redivivus, English Historical Review, vol. 90 (1975), pp. 821-827.
6. Markham, Clements, Richard III: his Life and Character, 1906. The original argument for the date of 20 June for Hastings’ execution. [Search for it on AddAllor Buy used from Amazon.com]
7. Sutton, Anne and P.W. Hammond, The problems of dating and the dangers of redating: the Acts of Court of the Mercers Company of London 1453-1527, Journal of the Society of Archivists, vol. 6 (1978), pp. 87-91.
8. Thompson, J.A.F., Richard III and Lord Hastings: A Problematical Case Reviewed, Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research, vol. 48 (1975), pp. 22-30.
9. Wolfe, B.P., When and Why did Hastings lose his head?, English Historical Review, vol. 89 (1974), pp. 835- 844. Refutes Hanham’s arguments using building accounts from Kirby Muxloe.
10. Wolfe, B.P., Hastings Reinterred, English Historical Review, vol. 91 (1976), pp. 813-824.
C. The Deaths of Edward of Lancaster and Henry VI
1. Hammond, P.W., The Battles of Barnet and Tewkesbury, 1990 (Appendix 2, Appendix 3). [Search for it on AddAll or Buy used from Amazon.com]
2. White, W.J., The Death and Burial of Henry VI, A Review of the Facts and Theories, Part I, The Ricardian, vol. 6, 1982, pp. 70- 80.
D. The Disappearance of the Princes
1. Hammond, P.W. and W.J. White, The sons of Edward IV: A re- examination of the evidence on their deaths and on the bones in Westminster Abbey, in P.W. Hammond (ed.), Richard III: Loyalty, Lordship and Law (1986). [Search for it on AddAll]
2. Hicks, Michael, Did Edward V Outlive his Reign or Did He Outreign his Life, Ricardian, vol. VII, number 108 (1990), pp. 342-345.
3. Hicks, Michael, Richard III: The Man Behind the Myth, 1991.   [Search for it on AddAll or Buy used from Amazon.com]
4. Jenkins, Elizabeth, The Princes in the Tower, 1978. Actually a history of the Wars of the Roses with some discussion of the Princes’ death. [Buy used from Amazon.com]
5. Leslau, Jack. Series of articles in the Ricardian supporting his hypothesis that the Princes survived the reign of Richard III and lived in the household of Sir Thomas More. Did the Sons of Edward IV Outlive Henry VII, vol. IV, no. 62 (1978), pp. 2-14; Did the Sons of Edward IV Outlive Henry VII: A Postscript, vol. V, no. 64 (1979), pp. 24-26; Did the Sons etc.: An Answer and a Rejoinder, vol. V, no. 64 (1979), pp. 55- 60.
6. Maurer, Helen, WHODUNIT: The suspects in the case, Loyaulte me lie: Ricardian Register, vol. 18, no. 3 (1983), pp. 4-27. A discussion of every possible candidate for committing the murder. [Available at r3.org’s online library. This link will open in a new window.]
7. Maurer, Helen, Bones in the Tower: a discussion of time, place and circumstance, Parts I and II; Ricardian, vol. VII, No. 111 (1990), pp. 474-493 and vol. IX, No. 112 (1991), pp 2-22.
8. Molleson, Theya, Anne Mowbray and the Princes in the Tower: A Study in Identity, London Archaeologist, vol. 5, (1987), pp. 258-262.
9. Pollard, A.J. Richard III and the Princes in the Tower, 1991. (also listed in Biographies)
10. Richmond, Colin, The Death of Edward V, Northern History, vol. 25 (1989), pp. 278-280. Suggests that Edward V’s death occurred three days before the official end of his reign.
11. Williamson, Audrey, The Murder of the Princes, 1978. (also listed in Popular Accounts)
E. The Death of George of Clarence (and other Clarence scholarship)
1. Carpenter, Christine, The Duke of Clarence and the Midlands: A Study in the Interplay of Local and National Politics, Midland History, vol. 11, (1986), 23-48.
2. Carpenter, Christine, Locality and polity: A study of Warwickshire landed society, 1401-1499, 1992. [Search for it on AddAll]
3. Hicks, Michael, False, Fleeting, Purjur’d Clarence, 1980. [Search for it on AddAll]
4. Hicks, Michael, Restraint, Mediation and Private Justice: George Duke of Clarence as ‘Good Lord’, Journal of Legal History, vol. 4, (1983), pp. 56-71.
5. Lander, J.R., The Treason and Death of the Duke of Clarence: A Re-Interpretation, Canadian Journal of History, vol.2, (1967), pp. 1-28.
6. Sutton, Anne F., and Livia Visser-Fuchs, The Prophecy of G, The Ricardian, vol. 8, no. 110 (1990), pp. 449-450.
F. Pretenders — Lambert Simnel, Perkin Warbeck
1. Beeston, David, A Strange Accident of State: Henry VII and the Lambert Simnel Conspiracy, 1987.
2. Bennett, Michael, Lambert Simnel and the Battle of Stoke, 1987. [Buy used from Amazon.com]
3. Gairdner, James, History of the Life and Reign of Richard III, 1898 (Appendix).
4. Kleyn, Diana, Richard of England, 1990. [Search for it on AddAll]
5. Potter, Jeremy, Pretenders, 1986. [Buy used from Amazon.com]
6. Roberts, David, The Battle of Stoke Field 1487, 1987. [Search for it on AddAll]
7. Roth, Cecil, Perkin Warbeck and His Jewish Master, Transactions of Jewish Historical Society of London, Vol. 9, 1920
8. Wroe, Anne. The Perfect Prince, 2003. [Buy from Amazon.com]
G. Lady Eleanor Talbot-Butler
1. Ashdown-Hill, John, Lady Eleanor Talbot’s Other Husband, The Ricardian, 2004
2. Ashdown-Hill, John, The Endowments of Lady Eleanor Talbot And Of Elizabeth Talbot, Duchess of Norfolk, At Corpus Christi College Cambridge, The Ricardian, 2004
3. Ashdown-Hill, John, Further Reflections on Lady Eleanor Talbot, The Ricardian, vol 11, no 144, March 1999.
4. Ashdown-Hill, John, The Inquistion post mortem of Eleanor Talbot, Lady Butler, The Ricardian vol. 12, no 159, December 2002.
5. Ashdown-Hill, John, Edward IV’s uncrowned queen, The Ricardian, Vol. 9, no 139, December 1997.
6. Murray, Barabara, A., Lady Eleanor Butler And John Crowne’s The Misey of Civil War. The Ricardian, 2004.
7. Smith, Muriel, Reflections on Lady Eleanor, The Ricardian, vol. 11, no 142, September 1998.
J. Printed and Online Bibliographies–There are several excellent printed bibliographies available on fifteenth-century history, and on Richard III in drama and literature. Here are some of the most significant:
1. Guth, DeLloyd J. Late Medieval England, 1377-1485. Cambridge University Press for the Conference on British Studies, 1976. [Search for it on AddAll]
2. Moore, James, Richard III: An Annotated Bibliography. Garland Publishing, 1986. [Search for it on AddAll or Buy used from Amazon.com]
3. Murph, Roxane C. Richard III: The Making of a Legend. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1977 (reprinted 1984). Covers Richard III in fiction and nonfiction.[Search for it on AddAll or Buy used from Amazon.com]
4. Murph, Roxane C. The Wars of the Roses in fiction : an annotated bibliography, 1440-1994. Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 1995. [Search for it on AddAllor Buy used from Amazon.com]
5. Rosenthal, Joel. Late Medieval England (1377-1485): A Bibliography of Historical Scholarship, 1975-1989. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, Western Michigan University, 1994. [Search for it on AddAll or Buy from Amazon.com]
[Return to table of Contents]
On-Line Bibliographies of Interest to Ricardians include: 
6. Godshalk et al., The Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century History Play: A Working Bibliography, an extensive bibliography compiled for a graduate seminar in Shakespeare’s histories and 16th-17th century historiography. [Search for it on AddAll]
7. Michalove, Sharon, 15th Century Bibliography
8. Reeves, A. Compton, Late Medieval England [Search for it on AddAll]
K. Biographies of Important 15th Century Figures 
1. Baldwin, David. Elizabeth Woodville; mother of the princes in the Tower (2003). A re-evaluation of Elizabeth Woodville’s reputation and role as first Yorkist queen. [Buy from Amazon.com]
2. Chrimes, S.B. Henry VII (1972). This study emphasizes administrative and political aspects of Henry VII’s reign, with balanced comments about Richard III.[Search for it on AddAll or Buy used from Amazon.com]
3. Hicks, M.A. Anne Neville, Queen of Richard III (2006) [Buy from Amazon.com]
4. Hicks, M.A. Edward IV (2004) [Buy from Amazon.com]
5. Hicks, M.A. Edward V (2003). This biography repeats the familiar stereotype of Richard III as wicked uncle, supplementing that with thought-provoking discussion of Edward IV’s mistresses. [Buy from Amazon.com]
6. Hicks M.A. Warwick the Kingmaker (1998) [Buy from Amazon.com]
7. Kendall, P.M. Warwick the Kingmaker (1957 and subsequent reprints.) [Search for it on AddAll or Buy used from Amazon.com]
8. Okerlund, Arlene. Elizabeth Wydeville: The Slandered Queen (2005) Latest biography of Edward IV’s queen. [Buy from Amazon.com]
9. Ross, Charles. Edward IV (1974). A scholarly evaluation of Edward IV’s character and reign. [Search for it on AddAll or Buy used from Amazon.com]
[George, Duke of Clarence — see special section above]
Henry VI, Griffiths, Wolffe, others  
10. Haswell, J., The Ardent Queen – Margaret of Anjou and the Lancastrian Heritage. (1976) [Search for it on AddAll or Buy used from Amazon.com]
11. Johnson, P.A. Duke Richard of York, 1411-1460 (1988). This study gives a detailed description of Richard’s father’s financial and political problems. [ISBN 0198229461] [Search for it on AddAll or Buy from Amazon.com]
12. Jones, M.K., and Underwood, M.G. The King’s Mother; Lady Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby (1993). A re-evaluation of an exceptionally powerful and independent noblewoman’s actions and relationships. [Search for it on AddAll or Buy from Amazon.com]
13. Kendall, P.M. Louis XI (1971). Using new sources from Milanese archives, Kendall re-evaluated the reputation of the king who slandered Margaret of York and outwitted Edward IV. [Search for it on AddAll or Buy used from Amazon.com]
14. Maurer, H.E. Margaret of Anjou; queenship and power in late medieval England (2003). A re-evaluation of Margaret of Anjou’s role in the Lancastrian-Yorkist conflict. [Buy from Amazon.com]
15. Pollard, A.J. John Talbot and the War in France 1427-1453 (2005) [Buy from Amazon.com]
16. Taylor, Aline S, Isabel of Burgundy, The Duchess who played Politics in the age of Joan of Arc 1397-1471. (2001) [Buy from Amazon.com]
17. Thomson, J.A.F., Bishop Lionel Woodville and Richard III, Institute of Historical Research Bulletin, Vol 59, (1986) pp 130-135.
18. Vaughan, R. Charles the Bold (1973). Reissued by the Boydell Press, Wood-bridge, Sussex, in 2002. The 4th volume in a series of biographies about the Burgundian dukes and their influence on 15th cent. European society. [Buy from Amazon.com]
19. Weightman, Christine. Margaret of York; duchess of Burgundy 1446-1503 (1989). A comparison of the rumors that Louis XI and Henry VII spread about Richard III’s sister, Margaret, suggests that the Tudor version of Richard III’s character and reign might be inaccurate. [Search for it on AddAll or Buy used from Amazon.com]
V. Additional Resources [Please contact me here with any non-fiction book or article recommendations or comments.]
A. Ashdown-Hill, John. Eleanor, the Secret Queen: The Woman Who Put Richard III on the Throne. [Buy from Amazon.com]
B. Baldwin, David. The Lost Prince: the Survival of Richard of York. [Buy from Amazon.com]
C. Clark, Peter D. English Royal Marriages and the Papal Penitentiary in the Fifteenth Century. English Historical Review, Vol. CXX, No. 488.