Part XVI.2: Index and Notes to the Privy Purse Expenses of Elizabeth of York: Braybroke through Christenings.

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  • Braybroke, James, – Ent. 55 – He is often mentioned in the Privy Purse Expenses of Henry VII.; on one occasion, as having received 9 s. 8 d. for the painter, and on another 40 s. for Perkin Warbeck; and he appears to have been one of the king’s servants.
  • Breakfast, paid for a, – Ent. 7 – Nine pence was the price of the breakfast of one of the queen’s gentlewomen.
  • Bread for, – Ent. 48.
  • Brent, Mrs. Elyn, – Ent. 4, 7, 11, 13, 14, 18, 19, 23, 28, 35, 62 – One of the queen’s gentlewomen. On the 12th April, 1499, 2 l. 13 s. 4 d. were “delivered to Weston, for the king, for Mastresse Brent;” and in February following, she received 12 s. for a fork of silver, weighing three ounces. A Robert Brent was gentleman usher of the queen’s chamber, keeper of Sandwich Castle, and verger of that town, as well as provost of the town of Middleton, in Kent, in the 1st Hen. VII. (Rot. Parl. vi. 378) whose wife or daughter Mrs. Elyn Brent probably was.
  • Bretayn, Anne, – Ent. 16 – Apparently the widow of a goldsmith.
  • Brice, — – Ent. 47 – Yeoman cook for the queen’s mouth.
  • Bricklayers, – Ent. 48.
  • Bridge, the reward of a barge or boat beneath the, sæpe. See Barge
  • Bridget, Lady, – Ent. 17, 26 – Lady Bridget Plantagenet, the queen’s youngest sister, who was born about the year 1481, and having taken the veil, retired to the monastery of Dertford, where she died. See Introductory Remarks.
  • Bright, John, – Ent. 20, 26, 31, 32, 42, 43, 59 – A page: his wages were eight-pence a day.
  • Bristol, – Ent. 23, 23, 24 – It does not positively appear, whether the queen visited Bristol in her progress, but it is evident that she was very near that city on the 22nd of August, when she offered at the chapel of St. Anne in the forest of Kingswood. —–, the fee-farm of the town and barton of, – Ent. 64, 70 – In the 7th and 8th of Edw. IV., 1468, the sum of 102 l. 15 s. 6 d. of the farm of the town of Bristol was settled for life on Elizabeth, the queen of Edward IV., to be received in equal portions in Michaelmas and Easter terms (Rot. Parl. v. 625); and, by letters-patent, dated 26th of December, 1487, Henry the Seventh granted the same amount “to be perceived and taken of his ferme of his towne of Bristowe, with the suburbes and appurtenances of the same.” — Rot. Parl. vi. 446, which agrees with finding that 51 l. 7 s. 9 d. were paid in Easter term, 1502. In the act of settlement upon Queen Anne Boleyn, 31 March, 1530, 103 l. 15 s. 6 d. was assigned her from the Fee farm of Bristol, and 60 l. out of the manor and hundred of Bartone juxta Bristol.
  • Broad heads, for a sheaf of, for shooting, – Ent. 32.
  • Brocas, Benet, – Ent. 71- Receiver of the Duchess of Suffolk’s rents.
  • Brown, John, – Ent. 6, 9, 20, 22, 23, 26, 32, 45, 58, 59 – Groom of the queen’s beds. His wages were 10 d. a day.
  • Browne, Mrs. Anne, – Ent. 62 – One of the queen’s gentlewomen,. Her salary was 5 l. per annum.
  • Brushes, for – Ent. 24, 45.
  • Bryan, Henry, – Ent. 3, 11, 14, 30, 40 – A mercer of London.
  • Brydges, Sir Giles, – Ent. 24 – Of Coberley, in Gloucestershire, father of John, first Lord Chandos, and ancestor of the dukes of Chandos. He was knighted for his valour at the battle of Blackheath, June 22, 1497; was sheriff of Gloucestershire 15 Hen. VII.; and died in 1511.
  • Brymesfeld, keeper of the park of, – Ent. 21 – In the county of Gloucester. This manor formerly constituted the barony of the Lords Giffard of Brimmesfield, and the house was rased by the army of Edward II. The manor was assigned to the queen for her jointure, 21st of February, 7 Hen. VII., 1492. — Rot. Parl. vi. 462{b}. It had been held in jointure by Cecily, Duchess of York, and was afterwards appropriated for the use of Katherine of Aragon. D.
  • Buckles, laten, shoes with, – Ent. 52 – Buckles for the straps which confined the shoe to the leg.
  • Buckingham, minstrel of the Duke of, – Ent. 47 – Edward Stafford, K.G., succeeded his father as third Duke of Buckingham in 1483, and was beheaded and attainted in 1521. He was the son of Katherine, daughter of Richard Wydeville, first Earl Rivers, and was consequently first cousin to the queen.
  • Bukram, for – Ent. 13, 23.
  • Bucks, brought, – Ent. 17, 19, 21, 23, 24, 25, 36.
  • Bucks, given in reward, – Ent. 21 – These bucks were given, the one to the officers of the queen’s stable, and the other to the king’s harbingers at Monmouth, together with ten shillings for a feast. —– for conveying, – Ent. 23, 25, 39, 54.
  • Bukks Shire, i. e. Buckinghamshire, – Ent. 55.
  • Buknam, Anne, – Ent. 28 – One of the queen’s gentlewomen.
  • Bullok, Richard – Ent. 54 – A surgeon: his bill for attendance on the queen’s nephew, Lord Henry Courtenay, amounting to 10 s., was paid by her majesty.
  • Bulstrode, William, – Ent. 3, 7, 17, 20, 30, 33, 54, 56 – It does not appear from these accounts what office William Bulstrode held in the queen’s household, but it was evidently a confidential one; and, as his servant is spoken of, he must have been a person of some consideration. He was probably the William Bulstrode, Esq., who was surpervisor of the will of Thomas Ramsey of Hucham, in September, 1509. In the 11th Hen. VIII., 1520, a William Bulstrode was one of the gentlemen ushers. — Fœdera, xii, 712; and a Lady Bulstrode is thrice mentioned in the Privy Purse Expenses of Henry VIII. between 1529 and 1532.
  • Burton, Edmond, – Ent. 3, 4, 7, 20, 26, 32, 42, 43 – Yeoman of the queen’s chamber: his wages were 1 s. a day.
  • Burying, expenses for burying a yeoman of the queen’s chamber, – Ent. 61.
  • Burying men who were hanged, expenses of, paid by the queen, – Ent. 8 – To bury the dead is one of the “acts of mercy;” and that duty appears to have been very frequently fulfilled by Henry VII., by his consort, the queen, and by their son, Henry VIII. “To the confraternities of the Miserecordia in Catholic countries belong crowned heads and all the first nobility, who frequently give their personal attendance, in masks, at funerals, as well as contribute towards the charge of burying the dead.” — G. These accounts record an instance of two criminals being interred at the queen’s expense. In the Privy Purse Expenses of Henry VIII.the payment of the burial of a footman is said to have done by way of alms, and many other persons were interred at his cost. In those of Henry VII. are entries for “the burying of a man that was slain in my Lady Grey’s chamber 6 s. 8 d.: and “for Wodecoks burial 2 l. 11 s. 2 d. The following persons were also buried at Henry VIIth’s charge: 27 February, 1494, “For Sir William Stanley’s burial at Syon 15 l. 19 s.:” 15 November, 1503, “to my Lord Herbert, in lone by his bille for burying Sir Richard Pole, 40 l.:’ “8 December, 1499, for the burial of the Earl of Warwick, by four bills12 l. 8 s. 2 d. ob:” “May, 1500, for the burial of my Lord Edmond (the king’s youngest son) over and besides the Abbot and Convent of Westminster, unrewarded. 242 l. 11 s. 8 d.:” A{o} 16 Hen. VII., for burying of Owen Tudor (third son of Owen Tudor by Queen Katherine) a monk at Westminster. 3 l. 1 s. 2 d., which entry agrees with one in the churchwarden’s accounts of St. Margaret’s, Westminster. “1501, Item for the knell of Owen Tudor with the bell, 6 d.” Nichols’ Illustrations of the Manners and Expenses of Ancient Times. — p. 4. “To Thomas Cornew, for burying of Master Hasset 2 l 12 s. 1 d., and “for burying young Percy at Stony Stratford, 20 s.” Additional MS 7099. The expenses of the burial of Lord Edward Courtenay, the queen’s nephew were only 4 l. 18 s. 4 d. — Ent. 65. Of those persons, all excepting Stanley and Hassett, were connected with the royal family; but as Lord Stanley and the Earl of Warwick were criminals, both having been beheaded for treason, to bury them may have been considered as “an act of mercy.”
  • Buskins for the queen’s use, – Ent. 52 – Buskins are presumed by Strutt to have resembled “the shoes of the carpenter’s wife in Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales,” which the poet says ‘were laced high upon her legs;’ and probably both of them resembled the high shoes still used in the country.’ — Dresses and Habits, ii. 378. No earlier example of the use of the word has been found in these Acounts; but Strutt considers that the same article was meant by housiaux in the Romance of the Rose, in the description of Pygmalion adorning the female statue he had made, who, says he does not put “hauseaux” on her because, according to the printed copies, she was not born at Paris: —

    “N’est pas de housiaux estrinée
    Car ele n’est pas de Paris née
    Trop par fust rude cauchemente
    A pucelle de tele jouvente.”

    but, according to the copy in the Harleian MS 4425, which Strutt follows (Ibid. p. 236), because she was so young that they would be too rough for her, —

    “Car pas n’estoit de saison née
    Ce fut trop rude chausement
    A pucelle de telle jouvent.”

    See Houses in Roquefort’s Glossaire de Langue Romaine. Buskins are said to have been the same article as is called sloppes in the Wardrobe Accounts of Edward IV. Strutt, Ibid. 345. The entry in which the word occurs proves that it was a kind of large shoe suited for travelling, as two pair were bought at the queen’s going into Wales, which cost 4 s. a pair. Buskins are not mentioned in the Privy Purse Expenses of Henry VIII. between 1529 and 1532. Strutt has however cited an example from the Wardrobe Accounts of that monarch in 1516 (Harleian MS 2284), of the delivery of two yards of black velvet for making a pair: these buskins he thinks were used for masking, as he finds that crimson satin buskins were used for the same purpose, which were sometimes ornamented with aglets of gold. —Ibid. p. 345. but this conjecture is very doubtful, as there is evidence that Henry wore buskins and shoes of velvet, as well as of leather; for by a warrant dated 28 June, 27 Hen. VIII., 1535, the keeper of the great wardrobe was commanded to deliver “to Henry Johnsone, our cordewaner, for twentie yardis of velvette of dyverse colours, alle of our greate warderobe. Item for making of three paire of velvette buskynnes and nine and thirtie paire of velvette shooys of sundry colours for oure use all of oure greate warderobe. Item for syxe paire English lether bootys, and syxe paire of Spanyshe lether buskynnes.” — Archæologia, ix. 252. “a cote and a cloket, ij paire of hose, a doublet, a payre of buskyns, and spurres, a hatt, ij cappes, and a payer of velvet shoes,” were the articles of which Henry Bourchier informed his mother, the Countess of Bath, he stood in immediate need in June, 1551. – Gage’s History and Antiquities of Hengrave, p. 141.

  • Butter, for, – Ent. 8, 31 —- bought – Ent. 3.
  • Bynfel, – Ent. 2.

  • Cabrok, (i.e. Colnbrook near Windsor) our Lady of, and to an Hermit there, – Ent. 18.
  • Cakes, brought, – Ent. 17, 21.
  • Calverd, Edmond, – Ent. 8, 15, 18, 20, 23, 23, 31, 42, 59 – Page of the Queen’s Chamber. His wages were 8 d. per diem.
  • Candles, for – Ent. 50.
  • Candlesticks, for – Ent. 46.
  • Canterbury, Archbishop of, – 8, 55 – Henry Deane was translated from Salisbury to the See of Canterbury on the 26th of April, 1501, and is said to have died on the 15th or 16th of February, 1502 (query 1502-3); his successor was William Warham, who is stated to have been translated from London 29th November, 1504, so that if these dates be correct, the See was vacant for almost two years. If, as is most probable, Archbishop Deane died in February, 1503, he was the person mentioned on each occasion in these accounts. —– Friars Observant – Ent. 32. —– St. Thomas, St. Andrean, and St. Augustin, and our Lady of the Undercroft, at – Ent. 2, 51.
  • Capell, Sir William, Knt. – Ent. 7 – Ancestor of the Earls of Essex, Sir William was a merchant and Alderman of London, and was Mayor of that city in 1503: his conduct whilst filling that office was made ground, by Empson and Dudley, for extorting money from him; and for refusing to pay it, he was committed to the Tower, where he remained until the King’s death. In the account of sums received by Empson for the King’s service, in the Harleian MS 1877, f. 47, in 1504, is this entry: “for W. Capell and Giles Capell his sonne, for their pardons 1000 l.; in recognizance, 900 l., and 100 l. in money.” Bacon says “he was condemned in the sum of 2,700 l., and compounded with the king for 1,600 l.; and yet after, Empson would have cut another chop out of him if the king had not died on the instant.” —History of Henry VII. The money which he lent to the Queen seems to have been faithfully returned: he died in 1515. See his will in Testamenta Vetusta, p. 531, and a notice of him in Collin’s Peerage, Ed. 1779, iv. 348.
  • Car, Close, the – Ent. 10, 24. —– for the repairs, &c. of the, – Ent. 19, 65. —– chare, the queen’s, at Christmas, – Ent. 66 – See some remarks on the subject of Cars, Chairs, Litters, &c., at the end of the notes [on the Wardrobe Accounts].
  • Cards to the queen to play at, – Ent. 51 – See a note in the Privy Purse Expenses of Henry VIII. on Cards, p. 306.
  • Carew, Sir William, – Ent. 70. —– John, his wardship and marriage, Ent. 70.
  • Carlisle, Bishop of, – Ent. 56 – Roger Leyburn, Archdeacon of Durham. He died in November, 1504.
  • Carol, for setting a, – Ent. 51 – The price of setting an anthem was 20 s. [see Ent. 1] and of setting a carol on Christmas Day 13 s. 4 d.
  • Carp, a, brought, – Ent. 1 – Walton, in his Complete Angler, on the authority of Baker’s Chronicle, where these lines occur —

    Hops and turkies, carps and beer,
    Came into England all in a year”

    says “there was a time, about a hundred or a few more years” before he wrote, “when there were no carps in England.” But that this is erroneous appears from the Booke of St. Alban’s, from this entry, and from thePrivy Purse Expenses of Henry VIII., where several persons are mentioned as having brought the king presents of carps. Juliana Berners, however, states that “the carpe is a deyntous fysshe; but there ben but fewe in Englande, and therfore I wryte the lasse of hym.”

  • Carpenters, to – Ent. 48.
  • Carvenel, —–, – Ent. 29 – One of the queen’s servants. Probably the Piers Carvanell, who, by the title of the king’s “wel-beloved and faithfull servaunt, oon of oure gentilmen hushers of oure chambre,” was protected by the Act of Resumption, 1 Hen. VII., in the enjoyment of the grants made to him “of the tenements and houses unto us belongyng within our pelece of Westmynster, oon with the kepyng of the houses called Parydyse and Hell, within the Hall of Westmnyster, and also the tenements whiche Jamys Pryse late had and occupied; and also the keping of the Purgatory within the said Hall, whiche Nicholas Whytfeld late had and occupied; with the hous under the Exchequer, called Le Puttans House, with the towre and hous called Grene Lates,” &c., — Rot. Parl. VI. 372{b}. By the same act, Piers Carvanell, the younger, was protected in the enjoyment of the baileshipp of Carvon in Cornwall. — Ibid. 359{b}.
  • Carver, the queen’s, – Ent. 63 – A note on the office of Carver will be found in the Journal of Bishop Beckington, pp. 109, 110. It appears from the Northumberland Household Book, p. 362, that the Earl’s second son acted as his carver, and his third son as his sewer; and it is evident that the office was one of much consideration in all great establishments. Chaucer says of the Squier

    “Curteis he was, lowly, and servisable
    and carf before his fader at the table.”

    See Leland’s Collect., vol vi. Todd’s Illus. p. 229, Cant. Tales, v. 7831-2, 9646-7.

  • Catesby, Mrs. Elizabeth, – Ent. 62 – One of the queen’s gentlewomen. Query if she was Elizabeth, wife of George Catesby (who died circa 1506), daughter of the notorious Empson. See Testamenta Vetusta, p. 475; and the Pedigrees of the Catesby family.
  • Caversham, our lady of, – Ent. 26.
  • Cecily, Lady – Ent. 7 – Cecily, Viscountess Welles, the queen’s sister, whom Hall says, was “not so fortunate as fair.” She was asked in marriage by the King of Scotland, for his son, Prince James, which was frustrated by political circumstances, and she became the wife of John Viscount Welles, by whom, who died in 1498, she had two daughters, Elizabeth and Ann, both of whom died young. She married secondly —— Kyme, of Lincolnshire, but by him had no issue; and dying in …. was buried in Quarera, in the Isle of Wight. — Sandford’s Genealogical History of the Kings of England, pp. 417, 418. A more particular account of her will be found in the Introductory Remarks.
  • Chafer, for a, – Ent. 11.
  • Chain, for a gold, with knots, – Ent. 35 – In this and the next reign the taste for gold chains was carried to great excess. They were very generally worn by persons of rank, and were often bestowed by the sovereign and other superiors on their dependents, as a mark of favour, the extent of which was indicated by the weight of the present. By the Sumptuary Act of 37 Edw. III, 1363, artificers, tradesmen, and yeomen were forbidden to wear chains, or any other article of gold or silver. — Rot. Parl. ii. 278, 281. Chains were frequently bequeathed in wills; and , from the manner in which they are often described, — for example, “A chain of gold of the old manner, with the name of God in each part,” anno 1397; “a chain of gold with white enamel,” anno 1537,; “a chain of gold with a lion of gold, set with diamonds,” anno 1485; “a chain of gold, with water flowers,” anno 1490, and &c. — an idea may be formed of their workmanship and value. Sir Thomas Parr, father-in-law of Henry VIII.., left by his will, dated in 1517, to his son William, his great chain of gold, worth 140 l., which had been given to him by that monarch, and which, allowing for the workmanship, must have weighed more than two pounds troy. See Testamenta Vestusta, article Chains, in the Index. In 1531, a chain of gold weighing 5- 1/2 ounces cost 14 l. 2 s. 4 d. and in October, 1532, a chain made of gold, wieghing 3 ounces cost 7 l. 14 s. — Privy Purse Expenses of Henry VIII. It was formerly the custom to wear the George of the Order of the Garter, and the badges of other Orders, suspended to chains instead of ribbons; and in old portraits, the knights of various orders are represented with them in that manner. It would seem that this practice ceased about the commencement of the seventeenth century; for, when James VII. of Scotland revived the Order of the Thistle in 1687, the following passage was introduced into the Statutes: — “And we having considered that it was the ancient custom for the sovereign and knights brethren, on their daily apparel, to wear the jewel of the Order in a chain of gold or precious stones, and that the use of ribbons has been brought in since the Most Noble Order of the Thistle was left off, and that chains are not now in use, we have, therefore, thought it fit to appoint the jewel of the said Order to be worn with a purple blue ribbon, watered or tabled.”
  • Chairs, coverings of, – Ent. 16.
  • Chamberlain, the king’s, – Ent. 51 – Sir Charles Somerset, K.G., Captain of the king’s guard, and afterwards Earl of Worcester, was the king’s chamberlain in June, 1502. — Fœdera, xiii. 13. —– the queen’s, – Ent. 4. —– pursuivant, of the king’s – Ent. 53.
  • Chamlet, – Ent. 12, 23.
  • Chapel, bishop of, the king’s, – Ent. 46. See Bishop. —– dean of, the king’s, – Ent. 17, 37. —– Money given to the minister of, to drink at a tavern, with a buck, – Ent. 13 – A feast given them at the queen’s expense. A similar entry occurs in the Privy Purse Expenses of Henry VIII., and appears to have been a common practice. —– rewards given to the children of the, – Ent. 29, 51 – In the act of Resumption, 13 Edw. IV., Henry Abingdon was protected in the enjoyment of 40 marks per annum, which had been granted to him in May, 5 Edward IV., “For the fyndyng instruction and governaunce of the children of the Chapelle of oure Household.” – Rot. Parl. v. 594; vi. 86. In the act of Resumption, of the 22 Edw. IV., Gilbert Banestre was protected in the enjoyment of the same salary for “their exhibition, instruction, and governaunce.” — Ibid. vi. 200. Among the Privy Purse expenses of Henry the Seventh is an entry of 2 l. being paid “To the children of the Chapel for singing Gloria in Excelsis.” Additional MS 7099.
  • Chaplain of the Bishop of Murray, a reward given to the, – Ent. 39.
  • Chariot, to a poor man that drove, the, – Ent. 27.
  • Charre, cotton russet for the queen’s, – See Note at the end on Chairs and Chariots.
  • Cheeses brought, – Ent. 10, 19, 20, 23, 53 – These cheeses came from Lanthony Priory, near Gloucester, and similar entries occur in the Privy Purse Expenses of Henry VIII., from 1529 to 1532.
  • Chepstow, – Ent. 23, 26, 27 – The queen was at Chepstow on the 28th of August, 1502, on which day she seems to have crossed the river Servern near that place, and passed through Thornbury on her road to Berkeley.
  • Cherries, brought, – Ent. 13, 17, 20 – It is said that Henry VIII. introduced the Kentish cherries. Holland in his additions to Camden, states that Richard Harris, fruiterer, was employed for this purpose, and these cherries were planted in many parishes near Tenham. Archæologia, viii., p. 119. Be this as it may, it is evident from these accounts that cherries were not uncommon in England many years before that monarch’s accession.
  • Chertsey, in Surrey, – Ent. 10.
  • Chest, for making a, to put books in, – Ent. 60.
  • Cheverons, cloth of gold with, as chair coverings, – Ent. 16 – Apparently ornaments placed on the coverings, in the form of the heraldic ordinary, called a cheveron. Proofs will be adduced, in a subsequent note, of the frequent use of heraldic terms in the description of apparel and other articles.
  • Cheyne, Mrs. – Ent. 46 – One of the queen’s gentlewomen.
  • Chickens brought – Ent. 3, 29, 47.
  • Children, for the expense of, given to the queen, – Ent. 7, 22, 36, 47 – It appears that the queen adopted two children, one belonging to a person called Maud Hamond, and the other to Thomas Hoden; and that she paid the expenses of their nutriture, which, in one case, amounted to 16 s., and in the other to 1 l. 6 s. 8d. per annum, a difference which, perhaps, arose from their ages. Children were also given to her majesty’s consort, and in the Privy Purse Expenses of Henry the Seventh, is an entry of 20 d. being paid “to Matthew Johns for a child that was given the king on New Year’s Day.” — Additional MS., 7099. The practice of giving children to the sovereign, as a New Year’s gift, seems to have been continued into the reign of their son, as on the 28th of December, 3rd Hen. VIII., 13 s. 4 d. were paid “to a woman that gave the king two children.” — Additional MS., 7100.
  • Child of Grace at Reading, making a shirt for, – Ent. 26.
  • Children of the Privy kitchen, – Ent. 56 – King’s Chapel. See Chapel.
  • Chollerton, Arnold, – Ent. 14, 23, 43, 43 – Yeoman usher of the queen’s chamber: his wages were 1 s. a day.
  • Christenings, money given at, – Ent. 16 – The queen was probably a sponsor on each of these occasions. Similar entries occur in the Privy Purse Expenses of Henry VIII. Sir Thomas Boleyn’s account of the baptism of Henry, Duke of Alençon, to whom Henry the Eighth was godfather in 1519, affords information as to the manner in which the money given by sponsors, at christenings, was distributed, as well as of the presents usually made on those occasions. Sir Thomas says, “he presented the queen, in Henry’s name, with the salt, the cup, and layer of gold,” and that the 100l. which the king had “sent to give in reward,” was bestowed as follows. “First, the norice, oon hundreth crownes; to iiij rockers of the yong duke’s chambre, ij hundreth crownes; to ij gentlewomen of the queen’s privy chamber, called femmes det ret …, a hundred and fifty crownes, and at the offryng, xx nobils.” — Ellis’ Original Letters, First Series, i. 160.