Part XVI.3: Index and Notes to the Privy Purse Expenses of Elizabeth of York: Clarycords through Dyer

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  • Clarycords, bought, – Ent. 23 – “The clarichord is described by Kircher, in his Musurgia Universalis, as a Virginal. Luscinius throws something like strips of cloth over the strings, to damp the sounds, and render the instrument more fit for the use of a tranquil convent. That the clarichords were similar to spinnets, or, in fact, were small harpsichords, appears from the description given of them by Luscinius (Musurgia, seu Praxis, Musicæ. 1536, p. 9,) ‘Omnia hæc instrumenta habent plectra (sic enim illa vocant) chordas diversis in locis contrectantia, &c.'” — Note by Mr. Ayrton to Ellis’sOriginal Letters, Second Series, i. 272. A clarichord is said by Chambers to have been “of the form of a spinette, but more ancient, and to have had forty-nine keys, and seventy springs.” — Todd’s Johnson. Clarychords would seem to have been of considerable value, from 4 l. being given in reward to the person, apparently a foreigner, who presented a pair to the queen, were it not that only ten shillings were paid in the same year by Henry the Seventh. — Additional MS., 7099. Among the musical instruments which belonged to Henry VIII., were two pair of clarichords; and Skelton thus speaks of the intrument: – –

    “The clarichord hath a tunely kynde,
    As the wyre is wrested high and low.”

    An extensive list with valuable notes, of musical instruments used in the commencement of the 17th century, will be found in History of Hengrave, pp.23, 24, where virginals are often mentioned, but clarycords do not occur. “The Claricord is frequently represented on ancient bas reliefs in churches, both in France and in England, which differs materially from the Dulcimer.” D.

  • Clegge, Hamlet, Ent. 12, 35 – One of the queen’s servants.
  • Clerk of the works at Richmond, – Ent. 11 – Nicholas Grey.
  • Cloaks, the queen’s – Ent. 11, 29 – Cloaks made of velvet and sarsnet, furred, &c. were also worn by men. — Rot. Parl. ii. 279, 281; iv. 227. And in the 3rd, 4th, and 22nd of Edw. IV., no person, under the degree of lord, was allowed to wear a cloak or gown which was not of sufficient length, “as beyng upright, to cover his prevey membres and buttocks,” upon pain of being fined 20 s. — Rot. Parl. v. 505; vi. 221.
  • Close carre. See Car.
  • Closet, Clerk of the Queen’s, – Ent. 26 – Master Harding.
  • Cloth for – Ent. 14, 21, 44, 66 – given to divers persons, – Ent. 44 – Holland, – Ent. 10 – of gold, – Ent. 16 – rich, of tissue, – Ent. 38.
  • Clouds, embroidered, – Ent. 50 – On beds, &c. See Beds.
  • Cloughting, shoes for, – Ent. 35 – Strengthening them with clout or hob nails, and sometimes with a thin plate of iron called a clout. Todd’s Johnson. In Palsgrave’s “Lesclarcissement de la langue Francoyse,” ‘cloute of a sho’ is translated, “ung talon; ung devant, ung debout.”
  • Clowts, for, – Ent. 65 – An iron plate to keep an axle-tree from wearing. Todd’s Johnson.
  • Coats, for, – Ent. 12, 41, 45, 66 – of Kendal, for the fool, – Ent. 14.
  • Coberley, in Gloucestershire, – Ent. 23, 27 – The very curious and ancient manor-house of Coberley, which is noticed by Leland, has lately been pulled down. D.
  • Coffer, a – Ent. 18 – —– Fraunces, – Ent. 16 – Apparently the carriage of a coffer belonging to a person called Francis.
  • Cokthorp, to our Lady of, – Ent. 2.
  • Colbronde, George, – Ent. 51 – One of the queen’s servants.
  • Coldharbour, – Ent. 56 – See this word in the index to the Wardrobe Accounts of Edward IV.
  • Colts, expense of breaking and marking, – Ent. 79.
  • Cokeham, – Ent. 67 – In Berkshire. These lands and Bray formed part of the appurtenances of the manor of Stratfeld Mortimer, which was assigned as part of the queen’s jointure in 1495. — Rot. Parl. vi. 464.
  • Cokkes, Richard, – Ent. 30 – A beer brewer of London.
  • Conewey, John, a smith – Ent. 14.
  • Confeccionary, the – Ent. 55.
  • Confessor, the queen’s – Ent. 18, 33 – Dr. Underwood. See Underwood. —– for fetching him, Ent. 6.
  • Conserva cherries, brought – Ent. 17 – A conserve of cherries.
  • Conyngsby, Humphrey, sergeant at law, – Ent. 63 – Ancestor of the Earl and Countess of Coningsby. He was made Sergeant at Law in 1496, became King’s Sergeant in 1501, and in the 2nd Hen. VIII. was appointed a Judge of the King’s Bench.
  • Cook, for the queen’s mouth, – Ent. 47 – In the Act of Resumption, 28 Hen. VI., anno 1450, “John Gourney, Maister Coke for our mouthe,” and “Thomas Cateby, Yoman Coke for oure mouthe,” are specially protected from its effects. — Rot. Parl. v. 192, 195. And a “Thomas Cornyssh, Squier, Cooke for our mouthe,” is protected in his annuity of 10 l. by the Act of Resumption, 7th and 8th Edward IV. —Ibid. p. 591.
    A “Yoman Cook for the mouth” and a Grome for the Mouth formed part of the household of the Earl of Northumberland in 1512. The duty of each was “to attend hourly in the kitching at the haistry for roisting of meat at braikefestis and meallis.” — Northumberland Household Book, ed. 1827, pp. 41, 325, 326, 415. These offices still exist in the royal household.
  • Coope, John – Ent. 16, 65 – A tailor of London.
  • Coote, Henry, – Ent. 57 – A goldsmith of London.
  • Coot’s Place. – See Cot’s Place.
  • Cordener, i.e. Cordwainer, the queen’s – Ent. 52.
  • Cornbury, in Oxfordshire, – Ent. 19 – A lodge in the forest of Whichwood, near Woodstock.
  • Cornish, —–, – Ent. 51 – William Cornish, jun. is mentioned in Burney’s History of Music, as a composer of this period. The extracts from the Privy Purse Expenses of Henry the Seventh, in theAdditional MS., 7099, present the following notices of him. To Cornish, of the King’s Chapel, 1 l. 6 s. 8 d. And again, on the 31st December, 1502, 2 l. In the 7th Hen. VII., “one Cornisshe” received “for a prophecy in reward 12 s.“; who was probably the same person.
  • Corpus Christi Day, a gown fetched against, – Ent. 19 – On this feast a splendid procession always took place, and from the description of the gown — cloth of gold furred with pawmpilion — sent for by the queen, she was probably dressed in a sumptuous manner on the occasion.
  • Cosham, in Wiltshire, – 39.
  • Cosham Park, the Keeper of, – Ent. 24 – In Wiltshire. It formed part of the lands assigned to Elizabeth, queen of Edward IV. the queen’s mother. – Rot. Parl. v. 627. Leland says,” The mansion place at Cosham Park appertained to the earldom of Cornwall, and was wont to be in dowage to the queene of England.” Itinerary, ii., p. 28. D.
  • Cot’s Place, – Ent. 24, 26, 34 – Coates, near Cirencester, in Gloucestershire. The queen appears to have been there on the 12th of September.
  • Cotton, russet, – Ent. 66.
  • Cotton, Dame Margaret, – Ent. 14, 18, 36, 45, 61 – This person had the care of the queen’s nephews and niece, the children of her sister Katherine by Lord William Courtenay, and of her Majesty’s protegé, Edward Pallet. It is difficult, if not impossible, to identify her, or either of the individuals mentioned as Anthony, Richard, and Sir Roger Cotton. A Thomas Cotton, of Cunnington, Esq., in his will proved in 1517, speaks of his son Richard; his uncle Richard, and his brothers Richard and Anthony Cotton, and his sister Margaret, a nun, some of whom were probably the persons here noticed. The name of “George Cotton” and “the three Cottons” are also mentioned as having shot with Henry VIII. in the Privy Purse Expenses of that monarch, between 1529 and 1532. A Sir Roger Cotton, knight, was protected in the enjoyment of the grant of the lands of William Barley, Esq., by statute 11 Hen.VII. — Rot. Parl. vi. 507. Henry VIII. paid a vist to a Sir Robert Cotton in January, 1511; and as the king then offered to Our Lady of Walsingham, his seat was perhaps near that chapel. — Additional MS. 7100. In the churchwarden’s accounts of St. Margaret’s, Westminster, in 1526, is an entry of 6 s. 8 d. being received from a “Richard Cotton for his grave.” Nichols’ Illustrations of Ancient Times, p. 9. —– Anthony – Ent. 17.—– Richard, – Ent. 27. —– Sir Roger, sister of, – Ent. 44.
  • Counsel, queen’s, the clerk of the, – Ent. 63, 64 – —– Chamber, keeper of the Queen’s – Ent. 63 – John Holand. —– the Queen’s, for making a chest to put books in, in the, – Ent.60.
  • Courser, a, brought, – Ent. 55.
  • Couper, Sir Thomas, – parson of St. Bennetts, – Ent. 14.
  • Courtenay, Edmond, Lord, – Ent. 18 – Evidently a mistake for Edward. See Ent. 65. —-, Lord Edward, – Ent. 12, 14, 18, 36, 41, 45, 62, 65 – —– Lord Henry, – Ent. 12, 14, 36, 41, 45, 46, 47, 54, 62, 66 – —– Lady Katherine, – See Katherine. – Youngest child of King Edward IV., wife of Lord William Courtenay, and mother of the Lords Henry and Edward, and Lady Margaret Courtenay mentioned in these accounts. —– Lady Margaret, – Ent. 14, 36, 45, 46, 47, 62 – Lord William, – Ent. 3, 10 – Lord William Courtenay, son and heir of Edward, seventh Earl of Devon, of that illustrious house, married Katherine, youngest daughter of King Edward IV., and died 9th June, 1511, having had issue by her, Henry, who became eighth Earl of Devon; Margaret, who died young, having been choked with a fish bone; and, we learn for the first time, a son Edward, who died on the 13th July, 1502 [Ent. 18, 36] and the expenses of whose funeral amounted to 4 l. 18 s. 4d. [Ent. 65.] It appears that their aunt, the queen, paid the expense of their diet and clothes; that they were under the care of Dame Margaret Cotton, at a place belonging to Sir John Hosy, in Essex, near Havering at Bower; that they were attended by two female servants and a groom; and that she was allowed only 13 s. 4 d. a week for their and their servants support.
  • Courtenay, Victor, – Ent. 18, 51 – Page of the queen’s chamber.
  • Coynfayts, i.e. Comfits, brought – Ent. 53.
  • Cowle, for water, a, – Ent. 2 – “A vessel in which water is carried on a pole between two persons.” — Todd’s Johnson.
  • Crestener, Ralph, – Ent. 64.
  • Crewell, black, to purfulle roses, – Ent. 50 – “Yarn twisted and wound on a knot or ball,” — Todd’s Johnson. “Crule, or caddas, saysette” — Palsgrave’s Esclarcissement de la Langue Francoyse,1530. “A coote and a cappe of green clothe fringed with red crule and lyned with fryse,” was part of the apparel ordered to be delivered for the use of Sommers, Henry the Eighth’s fool, in 1535.Crule, of various colours, also fringed his hoods, &c. — Archæologia, ix. 249. The word frequently occurs in the list of furniture in the History of Hengrave: “black and yellow lace of crewell,” p. 32; “fringed with crewell,” p. 34.
  • Crowham, Our Lady of, – Ent. 2.
  • Crowmer, William, – Ent. 4, 31 – Gentleman usher of the queen’s chamber. A Nicholas and William Crowmer were protected in the enjoyment of the offices of constable and porter of Pevensey Castle in Sussex, in the Act of Resumption, 1 Hen. VII. — Rot. Parl. vi. 374{b}. It was perhaps the said Nicholas Crowmer who was a gentleman usher to Edward IV. and attended his majesty’s funeral. — Archæologia, i. 353. —– a daugher of, Ent. 5, 31 – A nun in the Minories, to whom 2 s. were presented by the queen “in almous.” —– Bridget, – Ent. 13 – One of the queen’s attendants, and probably another daughter of the said William Crowmer.
  • Crowmer, Mrs. Anne, – Ent. 7, 62 – One of the queen’s gentlewomen, and probably the wife or daughter of William Crowmer above-mentioned. As she was paid her salary at Christmas, 1503, the entry in May, 1502, of 40 s. in reward “at her departing from court,” cannot mean that she permanently quitted the queen’s service.
  • Croyden, – Ent. 8 – The princess, widow of Prince Arthur, appears to have been at the Archbishop of Canterbury’s palace, at Croyden, in May, 1502.
  • Crotchets, for, – Ent. 57.
  • Crane, a, brought, – Ent. 27.
  • Cupboard cloths, – Ent. 46 – Cloths used to cover cupboards, which were a kind of side board. In the list of furniture in Henry VIII’s palaces, in the Harleian MS 1419, “A large cup board carpet of grene cloth of gold, with workes lyned with bockeram, conteyning in lengthe three yards ijj quarters,” is mentioned; and the word “cupboard” thus occurs in it: — “Item, Two cuppbordes, with ambries, ij tabells with trestels, one forme, and one stoole.” “one table, and a cupp borde.” “A cuppborde joyned to the wall, conteyning a holy water stock of marble,” &c. — See a note in thePrivy Purse Expense of Henry VIII., p. 313. Palsgrave, Esclarissement de la Langue Francoyse, 1530: “Cupborde of plate, or to sette plate upon, buffet;” “cupborde to putte meat in, dressover;” and also, “Coupeborde, unes almoires.” “Two joyned coobards made fast to the wainskote.” — History of Hengrave, p. 22. “A large coobarde, of Turkey work.” — Ibid. p. 26. In theNorthumberland Household Book, among the “linnen cloth” were, “For a cupboard cloth of ij breids for the sellar, iiij elnz viz. ij elnys longe and ij yerdes brode a pece. A single cupboard cloth for the said sellar, ij elnys longe and a yerde brode.” — Ed. 1827, p. 16. In the list of persons to attend the earl, “at his borde daily, and have no more but his revercion except brede and drynk,” were, “a yoman of the chambre to kepe the cupborde at the sellar. A yoman or a grome awayte upon the cupborde as panteler. A yoman or groome to awayte upon the cupborde as butler.” — Ibid. p. 362. It was one of Lord Fairfax’s orders to his servants, in the middle of the seventeenth century, “Let no man fill beere or wine but the cupborderd-keeper, who must make choice of his glasses or cups for the company, and not serve them hand over heade. He must also know which be for beere, and which for wine; and for it were a foul thing to mix them together.” — Ibid. p.424.
  • Curtain, of beds, – Ent. 38. —– rings, – Ent. 38.
  • Cushion, a, brought, – Ent. 7. —– for various, – Ent. 16.
  • Cutlerd, Richard, – Ent. 64.

  • Dachet ferry, the keeper of, – Ent. 35.
  • Damask, for – Ent. 11, 14, 38, 41 – —-gold of, – Ent. 5.
  • Dancing, to a maid of Spain that danced before the queen, – Ent. 55 – Apparently one of the servants of Katherine of Aragon. Payments of this kind were extremely common. In the Privy Purse Expenses of Henry VII., are entries of payments “to a woman that sung before the king and queen in reward, 6 s. 8 d.” “To a woman that singeth with a fiddle, 2 s. “To the queen’s fiddler, 1 l. 6 s.d. “To little maiden the tumbler, 20 s. Attiditional MS. 7099. See Strutt’s remarks on dancing, tumbing, &c., in his Sports and Pastimes.
  • Darcy, Sir Thomas, – Ent. 1 – Probably Sir Thomas Darcy, K.G. who was afterwards summoned to parliament as Lord Darcy of Chiche, and who was eminently distinguished in the reigns of Henry VII. and VIII.; but incurring the displeasure of the latter monarch, was beheaded and attainted in 1538. His wife is called in these accounts “Lady Nevill:” he is stated to have married to his first wife Dousabella, daughter and heir of Sir Richard Tempest, Knt., but whether she was the widow of a Knight of the name of Nevill has not been ascertained. In the 17th Hen. VII., Sir Thomas Darcy was sent on an embassy to Scotland, and the following entry occurs in the Privy Purse of that sovereign. “To Sir Thomas Darcy going in embasade to Scotland 20 s.
  • Darrell, Sir Edward, – Ent. 55 – Of Littlecotes in Wiltshire, afterwards vice-chamberlain to Queen Katherine of Aragon, and a person of some eminence in the reign of Henry VIII. He was married on the 25th April, 1512, as on that day Henry VIII. offered at his marriage, but whether the lady was his first wife Alice, daugher of Sir Richard Croft, Knt., or his second, the daughter of Lord Fitzwalter (Harl. MS. 807) is uncertain.
  • Dartford, – Ent. 26.
  • Davy, Edward, – Ent. 5 – One of the queen’s servants.
  • Davys, Mrs., – Ent. 37.
  • Dean, Agnes, – Ent. 24, 37, 62 – The queen’s laundress. Her wages were 3 l. 6 s. 8 d. per annum, and she was allowed 4 d. per diem for food for her horse when attending her majesty on her journies.
  • Dean of the King’s Chapel, – Ent. 37.
  • Dean, Little, and forest of Dean, in Gloucestershire, to a person who found iron there, – Ent. 21 – In the reign of Edward II, the tythe of a mine there was granted to the Bishop of Landaff; and in the 2nd of Edward III., that bishop claimed the tenth of all iron within the parish of Newland, as impropriator, which was allowed. – Rot. Parl., ii., p. 13, 85.
  • Deacouns, Richard, Mr., – Ent. 1, 18, 63, 64,68 – The receiver of the revenues of the queen’s lands, and the keeper of the expenses of her privy purse. He belonged also to the office of the Signet.
  • Deconson, John, – Ent. 7 – Servant of the Prior of Hechyn.
  • Denouse, Richard, – Ent. 63 – A minstrel.
  • Denton, Mrs. Elizabeth, – Ent. 54, 62 – One of the ladies attached to the queen’s person, with a salary of 20 s. per annum. After her majesty’s death, on 23rd June, 1503, she was paid 20 l., probably her wages, “for the queen’s debts.” Privy Purse Expenses of Henry VII. —–William, – Ent. 63 – Carver to the queen. He was specially protected in the enjoyment of the carvership in the Act of Resumption, 1 Hen. VII. — Rot. Parl., vi. 356.
  • Denys, Mrs. Mary, – Ent. 62 – A lady attached to the queen’s person. —– Hugh, – Ent. 23 – One of the queen’s servants.
  • Derby, Earl of, – Ent. 12 – Thomas, second Lord Stanley, and first Earl of Derby, K.G. He married Margaret, Countess of Richmond, mother of King Henry VII., and died in 1504.
  • Dertford, Abbess of, – Ent. 17 – Lady Bridget Plantagenet, the queen’s sister, took the veil in the abbey of Dertford. This notice of the abbess was of a payment to her of 3 l. 6 s. 8 d. for the expenses of her charge.
  • Desar. See Disar.
  • Devon, Earl of, – Ent. 3, 53 – Edward Courtenay, K.G., grandson and heir of Hugh, brother of Edward third Courtenay Earl of Devon. He was created Earl of Devon 26th October, 1485, and died in 1509. The “Lord William Courtenay,” his son and heir, married Katherine Plantagenet, daughter of Edward IV., and the queen’s younger sister. See Courtenay, and the Introductory Remarks.
  • Devizes in Wiltshire, – Ent. 39 the keeper of the park of, – Ent. 25.
  • Dice, money for playing at – Ent. 27 – See note in the Privy Purse Expenses of Henry VIII., p. 315.
  • “Disguysing,” the, – Ent. 12, 47 – Disguisings, so termed from the performers appearing disguised, and which are the origin of masquerades, very nearly resembled mumming, and were the chief amusement at Christmas, and on other great occasions, in the houses of persons of rank from a very early period. Strutt states that “it frequently happened that the whole company appeared in borrowed characters, and full license of speech being granted to every one, the discourses were not always kept within the bounds of decency;” he adds that they were particularly splendid in the reign of Henry VIII., and extended to the lower orders, but that many irregularities having arisen from persons going in the streets in masks, it was enacted by statute 3rd Henry VIII., cap. ix., that no person should appear abroad like mummers, covering their faces with visors, and in disguised apparel, under the pain of imprisonment for three months; and a penalty of 20 s. was exacted from all persons who kept visors in their houses for the purpose of mumming. — Sports and Pastimes, p. 223, 224. The entires in this Accounts relating to the subject are of payments for ornaments for the jackets of the performers, and of costs of the royal livery for the trumpeters, and for various minstrels, who assisted. An idea of the expense attending these amusements may be formed from the following entries among the Privy Purse Expenses of Henry VII. and VIII., one of which corroborates Strutt’s statement, that persons of the highest rank condescended to take a part in them. “To Walter Alwyn in full payment for the Disguising made at Christmas, 14 l. 13 s. 4 d.” “To Jaques Haute for the Disgiusing, 20 l.” At another time “for his bille for his Disguysings, 13 l.10 s. 6 d.” “To my Lord Suffolk, my Lord Essex, my Lord William, and other, for the Disguysing, 40 l.” “To Peche (qr. Patch the fool) for the Disguising in reward, 26 l. 14 s..” “To Lewis Adam that made disguisings, 10 l.” On 2nd September, 1st Henry VIII. “For the Disguysings before the Ambassadors of Flaunders, 60 l. 17 s. 11 d.” In the Privy Purse Expenses of the latter Monarch in 1532, is a payment of 11 l. 3 s. for “masking gere when the King was at Calys,” p. 270.
  • Disar, to a, – Ent. 28, 53 – Evidently the more ancient Disours or Sayers, and in French, Conteurs or Jestours, literally Tale-tellers, who recited either their own compositions or those of others, consisting of popular tales and romances. Gower, describing a coronation of a Roman Emperor, says —

    “When every ministrell had playde,
    And every dissour had sayde,
    Which was most pleasant in his ear.” — Strutt’s Sports and Pastimes, p. 162, 163.

    The entry #28 justifies the idea that, in 1503, a Disar or Desar was an actor as well as a reciter. “To a Disar, that played the Shepherd before the Queen, in reward 3 s. 4 d.,” which it is presumed meant the Shepherd in the Adoration. From entry #53, of money paid in reward “to William Tyler, Desar, late servant of the Earl of Oxford,” and an entry in the Privy Purse Expenses of Henry the Seventh, in August, 1498, of 6 s. 8 d. being given “to my Lord of Oxford’s Jocular,” it appears that a Disar and a Jocular, like Minstrels and Fools, then formed part of the establishment of persons of rank.

  • Does, brought, – Ent. 49, 51, 53, 60.
  • Dolbyn, Hugh, – Ent. 5 – One of the Royal Servants.
  • Dorset, Receipt of the Queen’s revenues in the County of, – Ent. 68.
  • Doublets, for making, – Ent. 19, 24, 41, 58.
  • Dover, Our Lady of, – Ent. 2 – Called “Our Lady in the Rock at Dover,” in the Privy Purse Expenses of Henry VIII., p. 273. Henry himself paid 4 s 8 d as his offering there on his landing at Dover from Calais on the 14th November, 1532.
  • Droon, A Minstrel that played on the, – Ent. 1 – A Drum. “To a droner that played on the drone, 10 s.” Privy Purse Expenses of Henry VIII. “1579. Paid to the soiers, the ansyant bearer, and to him that played upon the drone.” — Churchwarden’s Accounts of St. Margaret’s, Westminster, in Nichols’ Illustrations of Ancient Times, p. 19. The person who beat the instrument was also called a “drombeslade” and a “drounslate.” — Privy Purse Expenses of Henry VIII., 1532. p. 316.
  • Drops, for, – Ent. 12 – An ornament on jackets used by Mummers.
  • Drying money, to footmen, for their, – Ent. 49 – The word drying thus occurs in the Chardwardens’ Accounts of St. Mary’s Hill, London, 1527, and is supposed by Dr. Pegge to mean cleaning. “Fordrying of the Pix for the sacrament against Ester, 4 d.” — Nichols’ Illustrations of Ancient Times, p. 109. There is no difficulty in supposing that the Queen’s footmen received an allowance of money for cleaning, whilst her Majesty was on a progress.
  • Duffyn, John, – Ent. 3, 18, 20, 25, 32, 39, 42, 58, 60 – A groom of the Queen’s chamber. His wages were 10 d. a day.
  • Dung hill, for casting a, – Ent. 48.
  • Durham, Bishop of, his residence in London, – Ent. 34 – The Princess Katherine was there on the 6th November, 1502.
  • Dyer, to a, for dyeing cloth, – Ent. 49.