Part XVIII: Wardrobe Accounts of Edward IV: Inventories of the “Grete Warderobe.”

Primary Texts and Secondary Sources On-line


This document is linked to ORB: The Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies. Use this link to reach the project’s home page.

 

“Reparacon Maade and Doon in Diverse Temementes Apperteigyng and Belonging unto the Saide Warderobe

These were chiefly payments to a carpenter and a smith for wood, iron, and labour, for the repairs of houses; for nails, hooks, hinges, keys, and bolts, and for the workmens wages two of whom are described as “Dawbers” who it appears received from iiij d. to vj d. a day. Among these items which are of no interest or importance are, “for a holowe key for the galary dore of the same Warderobe viij d.” “for a newe key for a lokk of the Toure dore within the same Warderobe viij d.” “for a lokk and a newe key for the Kinges kechyn dore there iiij d.” “for amending of a lokk and a key to the porters loge dore toward the Dragon ij d.; “for a plate of iren for a dore in the Quenes chamber j d.” “for vj loodes of lyme, price of every loode x d. and the iiij{th} parte of a ferthing” to “Alice Veysey fore cole for colouring of the same house ix d.” “for ij loodes of sand price the loode vj d.;” “and payed unto William Norton for borde naill and lome for cering and amending of his chambre flore that dust shul not falle downe uppon them that sittes and occupies his halle xij d.”

“To Sir Thomas Williams Person of the Parissh of Chirche of Saint Andrewe at Baynardes Castell in London for his yerely pension xl s. by the yere due unto hym by reason of his saide chirche and benefice in recompense of certeyn offeringes oblacons and emoluments unto the said benefice due, of the graunte of the Prince of right noble memorie Kyng Edward the Thirde, that is to witt, for the tyme of this accompte, after the rate of j d. q’ by the day, xvij s.

“To the sayde Piers Courteys whome the Kinges Highnesse and goode grace hath assigned and ordeigned by his high commaundement to rule gouverne and kepe his said grete Warderobe,” &c. “for the fee and rewarde of the saide office after the rate of C li. by the yere.”

“To William Misterton clerk of the same grete Warderobe for his wages of xij d. by the day.”

“To the yeoman taillours at vj d. the day” each; “to the portitour at iiij d. by the day;” “to John Easter skinner for his laborious attendance in the same Warderobe and also for his profitable provysion and bying of furres for his rewarde after the rate of x li. by the yere after vj d. ob. the day;”

“To Richard Huntingdon and Thomas Dancast Clercs attending the same Warderobe early and late for their laborious attendance in the same, and their grete labours, as well aboute making of many and divers endentures warrantes acquitances and billes in the same as overseing of werkemen, entring theire dayes and rekenyng and accompting the wages aswelle of divers taillours skynners and bedmakers as of other werkemen by all the time of this accompte for the rewarde of either of them after the rate of *——-yerely.

And for and in parchemyñ papir ink rede wex threde nedels counters bagges of leder with many other smalle necessarie thinges the seide office concernyng and touching after the rate of lxxvj s. viij d. by the yere.”

*in the margin is added “lx s. ambobus p’ temp’ compi.”


Stuff Remaignyng Uppon the Eende Off the Last Accompte in the Saide Grete Warderobe

-Wollen Clothe: scarlett iiij{xx} vij yerdes di’; Clothe in greyne vj yerdes di’; White wollen clothe xliij yerdes and iij quarters.
-Ermyn: bakkes xxviij tymbr’ di’ xiij bakkes.
-Sables: hole vj tymbr’ and ix beestes; bakkes xxvj; wombes vj tymbr’ di’ and x.
-Bogy: skynnes blac CC lxvij.
-Whyte lambe skynnes Cxlv.
-Velvette: sengle ix C xij virg’ j q{a}rt’; double of divers colours C xlix di’ q{a}rt’.
-Clothe of gold aswel upon velvet grounde as satyn grounde C iiij{xx} vij yerdes and iij q{a}rt’s.
-Damask of sylke lxxj yerdes and iij q{a}rt’s.
-Satyn of sylke CCCC ix yerdes and di’ q{a}rt’.
-Chamelet: off ix yerdes every pece, xiij peces and a yerde cont’ C xviij yerdes; off x yerdes every pece, xli peces cont’ CCCC xxx yerdes di’; of xvij yerdes and a q{a}rter every pece, x peces cont’ C lxxij yerdes di’; off xxiij yerdes and iij q{a}rt’s every pece, xv peces cont’ CCClxxj yerdes and a q{a}rt’r: conteignyng in all’ ioyntly M{1} iiij {xx} yerdes and a q{art’r.
-Sarssinette C xlviij yerdes di’.
-Purpulle clothe of silver xiiij yerdes di’ q{a}rt’.
-Sperver of rede damask with curtyns of sarsynett j.
-Tartaryn v yerdes iij q{a}rt’s di’.
-Curtyns of sarsynet used iij.
-Worsted: off the moost assise ij peces; of the myddelle assise a pece; Cupbord clothes iiij; Counterpoynt of the moost assise j; beede of the moost assise j; sperver of blue worstede j; spervers of rede worsted ij.
-Carpet j.
-Bokeram: long xxvij peces xj yerdes; shorte cont’ v yerdes j pece; shorte everiiche conteignyng vij yerdes di’ xxvj peces.
-Lynnen cloth by vj{xx} elles to the C: Lawne v peces; Holand clothe M{1} M{1} CCC lx; Flemmyshe clothe ij elles; Brussell clothe DCC vij elles iij quarters; Browneswyke iiij{xx} xiij elles; Busk M{1} M{1} CCC iiij{xx} xiij elles and iij quarters of a naille; Canvas Cxxix elles.
-Fustian xx peces xj yerdes iij q’ di.
-Fustians: of iiij bredes iij pair; off v bredes vj pair; off vj bredes j pair.
-Shetes of Holand clothe, of iiij bredes viij pair; of iij bredes xix pair and j shete; off ij bredes ij pair; Hedeshetes of Holand clothe vij.
-Garters, with lettres of gold xvj; with lettres of silk C xxij.
-Shetes off Flemmysshe clothe of ij bredes xvj pair; Shetes off Brussell clothe of ij bredes vij pair; Shetes of busk of iij bredes ij pair.
-Sylk j lb. an unce and j quarteron.
-Frenge, off sylk x lb. x unces; off sylk and gold ij lb. v unces.
-Poyntes of ryban off sylk iij groos.
-Arras, conteignyng Cxlvj Flemmyssh elles called buscage ix peces; conteignyng xlvj Flemmyssh elles called buscage ij peces.
-Quysshon clothes with ymagery of sylk xij.
-Tapicery: off wolle wroght called counterpoyntes of divers sortes conteignyng CCxlvj Felmmyssh elles ix peces; chamberyng of tapicery white and grene chekked cont’ iiij{xx} xv Flemmyssh elles di’ j.
-Tykkes iiij.
-Beddes called federbeddes stuffed with downe with their bolsters v.
-Federbeddes with theyre bolsters all stuffed with feders xxx.
-Pilowes off fustian stuffed with downe xxviij.
-Pilowe beres off fustian unstuffed iiij.
-Lytill bagges of fustian stuffed with ireos and anneys xxvj.
-Pilowe beres of Holand clothe xxij.
-Blankettes ij pair.
-Paylettes of busk v.
-Canvas in the Skynnery j.
-Threde xlvj lb. and ij unces.
-Bonettes xij.
-Gloves viij dosen pair.
-Quysshons: long covered in grene velvet cloth of gold j; long covered in velvet of divers colours iij; short covered in velvet of divers colours iiij; short covered in grene velvet cloth of gold j; square covered in tawny velvet ij; uncovered ij.
-Table clothes off dyaper werk ij; Table clothes playne iiij.
-Napkyns course of werk viij.
-Towails playne vj.
-Brusshes of hethe xij.
-Trestels iij pair and j trestell.
-Tables with iiij pair trestels iiij.
-Fourmes vij; joynede fourmes iiij; longe j; shorte j.
-Chayres ij.
-Cupborde of ostriche borde j.
-Stoles xvj.
-Escochons of papir in colours of the armes of Lorde George Ver vj.
-Double soled shoon at iiij d. the payre iiij pair.
-Spervers of lynnen cloth iij.
-Standing glas j.
-Standisshes with weightes and scales iij.

 


The Foreyn Receyte of Stuff

And the said Accomptant charges hym self frely aswelle of divers peces of Arras, divers federbeddes, divers shetes, divers peces of worsted, divers fustians, and a sperver of tawny damask.

Two peces of arras of the story of Paris and Elyn; C liiij elles of Holand clothe of oure saide souverayn Lorde the Kynges provysion by the handes of Roger Cooke servant unto the right high and right noble Princesse Lady Margarete Duchesse of Bourgoingne suster unto oure saide souverain Lorde the Kyng. ij federbeddes with bolsters unto them; a paire of shetes of iij bredes, a paire of shetes of ij bredes, of Holand clothe; ij pair of fustians either of v bredes; iij peces rede worsted of the myddell assise; a sperver of tawny damask; v paire of shetes of Holand clothe, everiche of iiij bredes and v elles di’ longe; iij hedeshetes of Holand clothe, everiche of ij bredes and iiij elles longe; xiij paire of shetes of Holand clothe of iij bredes and iiij elles and a quarter longe; a paire of shetes of iij bredes of Holand maade of xxv elles; xvj paire of shetes of Brussell cloth, wherof viij pair everiche of ij bredes and iij elles di’ longe; and other viij paire of shetes of Brussell clothe, everiche of ij bredes and iij elles di’ longe; ij travasses maade of grene sarsinet.

A sperver maade of velvet ray of the colours of rede grene and whyte, conteignyng testour celour and valances lyned with busk, with ij syde curtyns and a foote curtyne of sarsinet changeable, the saide sperver garnyssht with frenge of sylk; an other sperver of velvet white and blue paled conteignyng testour celour counterpoint and valance of the same lyned with blac bokeram and garnyssht with frenge of silk, with ij side curtyns and a foote curtyn maade of sarsynet white and blue. vj paire blankettes of white wollen clothe; a grete paire of fustians either of vj bredes and v yerdes longe; vj paire of fustians everiche of iiij bredes and iij yerdes and iij quarters longe except ij yerdes in all.

xxxviij yerdes of course blac satyn unto oure sayd Souverain Lorde, the Kyng forfaited, and seased as a forfaite by John Lucas of Kente; and also preysed by William Oriell of London mercer at v s. iiij d. every yerde and entrede in the bokes of oure said Souverain Lorde the King in his Eschequier and amontethe unto the somme of xl. ij s. viij d.

A pane of scarlet made of xij yerdes of scarlet boght aforehand and xxxij tymbres off ermyns used receyved of the Kinges Highnesse and goode grace; two complete herneys receyved of the Kynges highnesse and goode grace by the handes off Thomas Grafton merchant of the Staple of Calelys; and ij pair hosen made of ij yerdes and iij q{a} of Franche blac afore here of Hastinges the Pursyvant boght.


The Totall Empcion and Bying of Stuff within the Tyme of This Accompte with the Foreyn Receyte of Stuff, and Stuff Also Remaignyng Uppon the Eende of the Last Accompte of the Yere Precedent

-Cloth off divers sorts: Scarlet, CC ix yerdes di’; Clothe in greyne, xxviij yerdes di’; Clothe of divers colours, Clxx yerdes j quart’ dj’; White wollen clothe, xliij yerdes and iij quarters.
-Furres off divers sortes: Ermyns, newe, xxviij tymbr’ di’ and xiij bakkes; used, xxxij tymbr’; Sables, hole, vj tymbr’ and ix bestes; bakkes xxvj; wombes vj tymbr’ di’ and x wombes: Bogy blac, skynnes blac CC lxx; furre of shankes blac j; powderinges of shankes blac M{1} M{1} M{1} CCC iiij{xx} x; White lambe DC xlv skynnes; Fox skynnes of Island viij.
-Velvettes of divers sortes: sengle, M{1} CCC xij yerdes dj’ verg.; double C xlix virg’ dj’ dj’ quart’.
-Clothe of golde aswell blac of colour as of the colours white and grene velvet uppon velvet tisshue clothe of golde and other clothe of gold aswell of the grounde of velvet as of satyn grounde som broched with golde, CC lxx yerdes and iij quarters.
-Clothe of sylver: purpull xiiij yerdes and di’ quart’; blue uppon satyn grounde broched iij yerdes di’.
-Damask of sylk, C iiij{xx} yerdes di’ quarter.
-Satyn of sylk, DC xxxiij yerdes j quarter di’.
-Chamelettes, of ix yerdes every pece xiij peces and a yerde cont’ C xviij yerdes; of x yerdes di’ every pece xlj peces cont’ iiij C xxx yerdes di’; of xvij yerdes and a quarter every pece x peces cont’ C lxxij yerdes di’; of xxiiij yerdes and iij quarters xv peces cont’ CCC lxxj virg’ j q’: conteignyng in all joyntly M iiij{xx} xij yerdes j quarter.
-Baldekyns of silk vij peces.
-Sarsinet: sarsinettes chaungeable and other divers colours, DCC iiij{xx} yerdes and iij quarters; Curtyns of sarsinet iij.
-Spervers of damask with curtyns of sarsinet wherof j rede and the other tawny, ij.
-Tartaryn, j pece v yerdes iij quarters di’.
-Worsted: off the mooste assise v peces; of the myddel assise xiij peces; off the leeste assise vj peces; Cupbord clothes iiij; Counterpoynt of the moost assise j; of the moost assise bedde j; Sperver of blue worsted j; Spervers of rede worsted ij; Celours of worsted iij.
-Carpet j.
-Bokeram: longe xxvij peces xj yerdes; shorte cont’ v yerdes j pece; shorte everiche cont’ vij yerdes di’ xxvj peces.
-Lynnen cloth after vj{xx} elles to the C: Lawne v peces; Holand clothe M{1} M{1} CCC lxix ell’ di’ et j nayll’; Flemysshe clothe ij elles; Brussell clothe DCCvij elles and iij quarters.
-Browneswyk, iiij{xx} ix elles.
-Busk, M{1} M{1} CCC iiij{xx} xiij elles iij q’ of a naill’.
-Canvas, C xxix elles.
-Fustian, xx peces xj yerdes iij quarters di’.
-Fustians, of iiij bredes ix pair; of v bredes viij pair; of vj bredes ij pair.
-Shetes off Holand clothe: of iiij bredes xiiij pair; of iij bredes xxxiiij pair and a shete; of ij bredes iij pair; Hedeshetes of Holand clothe x; Shetes of Flemmyssh clothe, off ij bredes xvj pair; off Brussell clothe, shetes, off ij bredes xxiij pair; Shetes off busk cloth, of iij bredes ij pair.
-Spervers off velvet garnyssht with frenge of silk: off velvet with curtyns off sarsinett oon of ray velvet and an other of velvet blue and white ij.
-Travasses maade of grene sarsynet ij.
-Garters: with lettres of gold xvj; with lettres of silk C xxij; off ruddeur richely wroght with silk and gold j.
-Sowing sylk, j lb. ij unces and a quarter.
-Riban of silk: streyte xj unces di’; brode ix yerdes weying v unces di’ quarter.
-Riban of silk for poyntes laces and gyrdels iiij unces.
-Riban of silk and golde j unce.
-Laces made of ryban of silk: ij dosen laces and a double lace of riban of silk weying ij unces di; Mantell lace of blue silk with botons of the same j.
-Poyntes: made of ryban of silk iij groos; made of ryban of silk weying j lb. ij unces and a quarterons di’, xl dosen .
-Frenge: of silk xv lb vj unces and a quarteron: of sylk and gold ij lb. v unces; of Venys gold xj unces di’.
-Corses of sylk with laces and tassels of sylk and botons off sylk and gold: of blue sylk weying an unce iij quarterons di’, ij yerdes di’ and a nail; of blac silk weying iij unces iiij yerdes di’ di’ quart’; of silk for laces and tassels, vj unces and iij quarterons; botons of blue sylk and golde xvj.
-Arras: cont’ Cxlvj Flemmyssh elles and a quarter called buscage ix peces; cont’ xlvj Flemmyssh elles called buscage ij peces; of the story of Parys and Eleyn ij peces; counterpoint of arras with ymagery and silk, cont’ xxx Flemmyssh elles j; counterpoint of arras with ymagery without silk cont’ xxx Flemmyssh elles j.
-Rosses embroudered: grete viij, small xlviij.
-Quysshons off arras with ymagery and sylk xij.
-Tapicery, off wolle wroght with ymagery called counterpointes of divers sortes cont’ CClvj Flemmyssh elles ix peces; chambering of tapicery white and grene chekked cont’ iiij{xx} xv Flemmyssh elles di’, j; counterpointes of verdours without silk everiche cont’ xxx Flemmyssh elles vij; counterpointes of verdours of wolle everiche cont’ xx Flemmyssh elles vj; costeringes of wolle paled rede and blue with rooses sonnes and crounes in every pane, wherof two peces either cont’ lx Flemmyssh elles and either of the other ij peces cont’ l Flemmyssh elles, and a counterpoint cont’ xx Flemmyssh elles, v peces.
-Tykkes, iiij; grete j; myddell j.
-Federbeddes: stuffed with downe with bolsters longing unto the same v; stuffed with feders with bolsters belonging unto the same xxxviij.
-Downe CCC l lb.
-Pillowes stuffed with downe xxviij.; Pilowe beres of fustian unstuffed iiij; Pilowberes of Holand clothe xxij.
-Lytill bagges of fustian stuffed with ireos and anneys xxvj.
-Blankettes viij pair.
-Pailettes of busk v.
-Canvas in the Skynnery j.
-Threde of divers colours lviij lb. di’ and iiij unces.
-Ryban of threde xiij unces.
-Corde and lyour Cxv lb. di’
-Gloves viij dd’ pair.
-Quysshons: long, covered in grene cloth of gold j; longe, covered in velvet of divers colours iij; shorte, covered in velvet of divers colours iiij; shorte, covered in grene cloth of gold j; square, covered in velvet tawny ij; uncovered ij.
-Hosen vi paire xj paire.*
-Sokkes of fustian, iiij paire.
-Shoon soled and not lynede: blac, v paire wherof iiij pair everiche paire at iiij d. the paire; blac v paire Spaynyssh leder ij paire.
-Shoon sengle soled and not lynede: blac j paire, iiij d; Spaynyssh leder iiij paire v d.; j paire, vj d.; blac vij paire xij d.; tawny Spaynyssh leder ix paire.
-Sloppes of divers sortes: blue, j paire; Spaynyssh leder iiij paire; tawny leder, v paire; rede Spaynyssh leder, a paire at xviij d. the paire; of by yond the see leder a paire, vj d.; blac leder a paire, v d.: Sloppes of blac leder not lined, ij paire; Sloppes of divers sortes and divers leders lined with blac clothe, blac j paire; Spaynyssh leder ij paire; russet a paire; tawny a paire; rede Spaynyssh leder a paire: Sloppes of divers sortes and divers leders lined with velvett; Spaynyssh leder, vj paire; blue leder, a paire; grene leder, a paire.
-Slippers, iij paire. Item ij par’ hatche.*
-Patyns of leder, ij paire.
-Botews off divers sortes and divers leders: tawny Spaynyssh leder, a paire; blac leder above the knee, vij paire; blac sengle unto the knee ij paire; rede Spaynyssh leder above the knee iij paire; tawny leder above the knee viij paire.
-Bootes, blac leder a paire; rede Spaynyssh leder a paire; tawny Spaynyssh leder a paire.
-Spurres parcell gilt: longe, a paire; shorte, a paire.
-Hattes of wolle, v.
-Bonettes, xix.
-Ostriche feders, xj.
-Rynges of laton, iiij{xx}.
-Smalle gilt naill’, CC. Item other CCC gylt nayles.*
-Crochettes: off the moost assise C; of the myddell assise, CCC; of the leest assise, DCC.
-Tapethokes, D.
-Tentourhokes, CC.
-Clovehamer, j.
-Table clothes of diaper werk, ij; table clothes playne, iiij.
-Napkyns of werk course, viij.
-Towails playne, vj.
-Brusshes of hethe, xij.
-Trestels, iij paire and a trestelle.
-Tables with iiij paire trestels, iiij.
-Fourmes: joyned, iiij; longe, j; shorte j.
-Agelettes of silver and gylt and spanges of silver and gilt weying in all, CCCCxxvj unces and iij quarterons.
-Claspes of coper and gilt, vj paire.
-Bolyons of coper and gilt, lxx. *The words in italics werre added afterwards.