Part XXI: Wardrobe Accounts of Edward IV: Gifts Disbursed Continued; Closing Miscellaneous Accounts; Index & Notes to the Wardrobe Accounts: Acham, William through Axle-trees.

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Gifts Disbursed Continued; Closing Miscellaneous Accounts; Index and Notes to the Wardrobe Accounts

To the right noble Lordes the Marquies Dorset and th’Erle Ryviers to have of the yift of our said Souverain Lorde the Kyng to either of hem iij yerdes white tisshue cloth of gold for j short gowne, by vertue of a warrant undre the Kinges signet and signe manuel bering date the said xvij day of August in the said xx{ti} yere of the moost noble reigne of oure sayde Souverain Lorde the Kyng unto the said Piers Courteys for deliveree of the said clothe of gold directe,

Tisshue clothe of gold, vj yerdes white.
To the Lorde off Audeley to have of the yift of oure said Souverain Lorde the Kyng for covering of a peire of brygandyns, by way of rewarde, by vertue of a warrant undre the Kinges signet and signe manuelle bering date the xxiiij{ti} day of August in the xx{ti} yere of the moost noble reigne of oure said Souverain Lorde the Kyng unto the said Piers Courteys for deliveree of the said clothe of golde,

Clothe of gold, ij yerdes crymysyn uppon satyn grounde.
To John Grantfforde oon of the yomen off the Crown to have of the Kinges graunte xij yerdes of scarlet to perfourme the Kinges pleasire and to delivere it unto suche personnes as the Kinges highnesse hath yeven hym in commaundement, by vertue of a warrant undre the Kinges signet and signe manuelle bering date the last day of August in xx{ti} yere of the mooste noble reigne of oure saide Souverain Lorde unto the said Piers Courteys for deliveree of the said scarlet direct,

Scarlet, xij yerdes.
To Sir Thomas Montgomery and Sir Thomas Borough Knyghtes for the Body, to have of the yift of oure said Souverain Lorde the Kyng for the covering of theire brygandyns, that is to say, to the said Sir Thomas Montgomery ij yerdes and a quarter of cremysin clothe of gold upon satin grounde in stede of damask grounde; and to Sir Thomas Borough ij yerdes di’ of crymysyn clothe of gold uppon satyn grounde in stede of damask grounde, by vertue of a warrant undre the Kinges signet and signe manuelle bering date the last day of August in the xx{ti} yere of the moost noble reigne of oure said Souverain Lord the King unto the saide Piers Courteys for the deliveree of the saide clothe of gold directe,

Crymysyn cloth of gold uppon satyn grounde, iiij yerdes and iij quarters.
To the Lorde Marquies and th’Erle Ryvers to have of the yift of oure said Souverain Lorde the King to either of them ij yerdes di’ purpulle clothe of gold uppon satyn grounde,

Purpulle cloth of gold upon satyn grounde, v yerdes.
Delyvered for to make off a pilion for the right high and right noble Princesse Lady Margarete Duchesse of Bourgoingne suster unto oure said Souverain Lorde the King to her delivered ayenst her going into Flaundres ayen,

Cloth of gold, iij yerdes and a quarter blue and purpulle; bokeram, ij yerdes; frenge, vj unces di’ of blue and purpul silk; frenge, xj unces di’ of Venys gold.

And to divers off the Kynges servantes aswelle of his mooste honourable Chambre as other divers Officers of divers of his Offices and other divers men by the Kinges highnesse and goode grace assigned and appointed to attende and awaite uppon the conveying and bringing over the see of the right high and right noble Princesse Lady Margarete Duchesse of Bourgoingne suster unto oure said Souverayn Lorde the Kyng to have of the Kynges yift ayenst the same tyme, jakettes of wollen clothe murrey and blue, the names of whiche personnes hereafter folowe:

William Rither and a man to awaite uppon hym, either of hem a jaket of blue and murrey clothe; George Cheynewe and a man to awaite uppon hym, to either of hem a jakett of blue and murrey clothe; Thomas Thwaytes a jaket of blue and murrey clothe; Richard Bunteyn and a man to awayte uppon hym, to either of them a jaket of blue and murrey clothe; Rauf Newham a jaket of blue and murrey clothe; Olyvere Guyon a jaket of blue and murrey; William Acham, Thomas Philippe, Roger Richemond and a man to awayte uppon hym, Davy Morice, John Coket, Humfrey Reynforde, John Kendale, Thomas Fremanne, Henry Walker, Richard Scopeham, Edmond Mille, James Worseley, William Kyghley, Rauf Dowelle, Richard Cartemaille, John Davy of Fowy, Richard Leder, Thomas Brampston, William Parker, John Walforde, John Greyson, John Hamerton, Henry Sambrooke, Thomas Pyne, John Asteley, Thomas Granford, John Lightfoote, John Besteney, James Warner, John Wilshawe, Thomas Hullok, Henry Langtone, Nicholas Whitfeld, John Nevelle, William Dobinson, Thomas Dobinson, John More, John Guylle, John Hudde, William Peny, John Gonner, John Jewelle, Thomas Jackson, Richard Tod and a man to awaite uppon hym, Richard Halle, William Grenerigge, Thomas Heywode, Thomas Stanhope, Davy Fyssher, Robert Bray, Thomas Sparowe, John Hovy, William Thorneton, Thomas Ryder, Thomas Smythson, and Osberne Walyngton, x servauntes of Sir Edward Wydevile Knyghte, iiij servantes of Sir James Ratclif Knyght, ij servantes of Tayes, and ij servantes of Darcy, a servant to awaite uppon Thomas Dobinson and William Dobinson, to everiche a jaket of murrey and blue cloth:

And also unto Parker of Dover, Robert Wilson, Thomas Usterwayte, John Apris, Geffrey Chirke, iiij men to awaite upon William Berkley and iiij men to awaite uppon Thomas ap Roger Vaghan, to everiche of hem a jaket of murrey and blue:

iiij{xx} personnes
xiij persones — C persones in alle.
Clothe murrey and blue, C yerdes
To Sir Edward Wydevile and to Sir James Radcliff Knyghtes for the Body of oure saide Souverain Lorde the Kyng, to have of his yift ayenst the conveyance and bringing over the see of the right highe and right noble Princesse Lady Margarete Duchess of Bourgoingne suster unto oure said Souverain Lorde the Kyng, to either of theyme a yerde of velvet purpulle and a yerde of blue velvet for theire jakettes to be make of:

And to Darcy and Tay, Squiers for the Body of oure said Souverain LOrde the King, ayenst the saide conveyance of the saide right highe and right noble Princesse, to either of theym, for theire jakettes, a yerde of purpul satyn and a yerde of blue satyne, by vertue of a warrant undre the Kinges signet and signe manuelle bering date the xviij day of Septembre in the said xx{ti} yere of the said moost noble reigne of our said Souverain Lorde the King unto the said Piers Courteys for the deliveree of the said stuff direct; and to either of the said Darcy and Tay an harneys complete; and to William Berkley and Thomas ap Roger Vaghan, to either of hem, for theire jakettes a yerde of purpulle satyn and a yerde of blue satyn, by vertue of the same warrant:

Velvet, ij yerdes purpulle, ij yerdes blue; satyn, iiij yerdes purpulle, iiij yerdes blue; harneys, ij complete.
To Thomas Hatthe oon off oure wardes to have the parcelles of stuff here after ensuying of the yift of oure said Souverain Lorde the Kyng for his apparaille and arraye, that is to witt, a long gowne of russet clothe furrid with white lambe, a longe gowne of chamelet furrid with bogy shankes and bogy, a demy gowne of russet lined with blac clothe, a doublet of velvet, a doublet of chamelet, a jaket of blac satynne, iij tipetes of blac velvett, a hatte, ij bonettes, iiij paire of hosen, poyntes laces and riban of silk for girdelles weying in alle iiij unces, di’ groos of leder poyntes, iiij paire of shoon, ij paire of slippers, a paire of botews, and viij elles Holand clothe for shertes stomachers and coverchieffes, by vertue of a warrant undre the Kinges signet and signe manuelle, bering date—–,

Blac clothe, a yerde di’; russet clothe, iij yerdes iij quarters di’; white lamb, xxxij skynnes; bogy, a furre of blac shankes, iij skynnes blac; velvet, ij yerdes di’ blac; satyn, a yerde blac; chamelet, viij yerdes blac; riban of silke, iiij unces for girdels pointes and laces; Holand clothe, viij elles; hosen, iij paire; bonettes, ij; hatt, j of wolle; poyntes, di’ groos of leder; shoon, iiij paire sengle soled blac; slippers, ij paire; botews, a paire.

Delivered unto the maister of the Kinges barge and unto xxiiij bargemen to make xxv jakettes garnyssht with smalle rooses enbroudered; and unto iiij other persones to have of the Kinges yift viij grete roses enbroudered ayenst the commyng to London of the right high and right noble Princess Lady Margarete Duchesse of Bourgoingne sustere unto oure saide Souverain Lorde the Kyng,

Clothe, blue and murrey, xvj yerdes; roses enbroudered, xlviij smalle, viij grete.


The Foreyn and Owtwarde Deliveree of Stuff for Thapparaille off the Sayde Maister and VIJ Henxmen

To John Cheyne Squier for the Body of oure said Souverain Lorde the King and Maister of his Henxmen for th’apparaille of the saide Maister and vij of the Kinges Henxmen ayenst the feste of Midsomer in the xx{ti} yere of the mooste noble reigne of oure saide Souverain Lorde the King, by vertue of a warrant undre his signet and signe manuelle bering date the xxix{ti} day of May in the said xx{ti} yere of oure said Souverain Lorde the King mooste noble reigne unto the saide Piers Curteys for deliveree of the said stuff directe, that is to witte, viij longe gownes maade of vij peces purpulle chamelett and a pece of blac chamelett, lined with xxxij yerdes of blac sarsinett; and also xxxij yerdes of blac sarsinet delivered for lynyng of viij longe gownes of wollen clothe, and xvj yerdes di’ of blac satyn, and xvj yerdes di’ of tawny satyn, for xvj doublettes for the said maister and viij Henxemenne,

Satyne, xxxiij yerdes; chamelet, viij peces; sarsinet lxiiij yerdes.


For Th’apparaille Off the Kynges Fotemen

To Robert Hert and John Topffeld the Kynges fotemen, for theire apparaille, by vertue of a warrant undre the Kinges signet and signe manuelle bering date the xviij day of Juylle the xx{ti} yere of the moost noble reigne of oure saide Souverain Lord the Kyng to the said Piers Curties direct, asmuche velvet and chamelet as shalbe necessarie to make of ij doublettes for either of them; and also as muche velvette and chamelet as shalbe necessarie for ij jakettes for either of them,

Velvet, iiij yerdes di’ blac, iij yerdes purpulle and blue; chamelet, viij yerdes di’ of divers colours.


The Somer Clothing of Divers Officers

To the saide Piers Courteys whome the Kinges highnesse and goode grace hath assigned and ordeigned by his highe commaundement to rule gouverne and kepe his saide grete Warderobe, and al his goodes beying within the same, unto his moost honourable use safly to keepe, and to make into the same his grete Warderobe provysion of all maner of stuff necessarie to and for his use and other personnes at his said high commaundement, and to make oute of the same his saide grete Warderobe deliveree of stuff at alle tymes necessarie by his said high commaundement, aswel as for his moost royalle person as for all other personnes at his said high commaundement, for his liveree of clothing for the feste of Witson tyde in the xx{ti} yere of the mooste noble reigne of oure said Souverain Lorde the Kyng, that is to witt, x yerdes of violet in greyne and a pece of tartaryn,

Violet in grayne x yerdes, tartaryn j pece.
To William Misterton clerc of the same grete Warderobe for his Somer clothing for the said feste of Witson tyde the said xx{ti} yere of the moost noble reigne of oure said Souverain Lord King Edward iiij{the}, iiij yerdes of Mustrevilers,

Mustreviler clothe, iiij yerdes.
To William Dunkam oon of the yomanne taillours of the same grete Warderobe, for his liveree of clothing for the season of Somer for the fest of Witsontyde, the said xx{ti} yere of the moost noble reigne of oure said Souverain Lorde the King, iiij yerdes of Mustrevilers.

William Halle oon of the yomen taillours of the same grete Warderobe for his liveree of clothing for the season of Somer for the feste of Witsontyde, the said xx{ti} yere of the mooste noble reigne of oure said Souverain Lord the King, iiij yerdes of Mustrevilers.

Thomas Stanes Portitour of the same grete Warderobe, for his liveree of clothing for the season of Somer forthe fest of Witsontyde the said xx{ti} yere of the mooste noble reigne of oure said Souverain Lord the King, iiij yerdes of Mustrevilers.

Richard Huntingdon and Thomas Doncaster clerkes, erly and late attending in the same Warderobe, for theire liveree of clothing for the season of Somer for the fest of Witsontyde the said xx{ti} yere of the mooste noble reigne of oure saide Souverain Lorde the King, to either of them iiij yerdes Mustrevilers.

To the Rentgeder of the mansions and tenementes apperteignyng and belanging unto the same Warderobe for his hole rewarde for gadering of the said rente and for the overseying of the reparacioon of the same Warderobe, and of the said mansions and tenementes, for his Somer liveree ayenst the fest of Witsontyde, the said xx{ti} yere of the moost noble reigne of oure said Souverain Lord the King, that is to witt, for alle the tyme of this accompte, Mustrevilers clothe, iiij yerdes.

Richard Sheldone and John Clerk, auditors of th’Eschequier of oure saide Souverain Lorde the King, to either of hem for theire Somer liveree, iij yerdes of Mustrevilers clothe; and betwix them a yerde and iij quarters grene clothe for half a countingclothe,

Clothe Mustrevilers, vij yerdes and iij q’.


Index and Notes to the Warderobe Accounts of King Edward the Fourth.

As stated in the transcribers note on the Wardrobe Accounts, it is suggested that the following notes be used as one would a glossary, rather than cross-referenced endnotes, since the the multiplicity of pagination systems on the Web make duplication of the references in the Nicolas edition impossible to duplicate or reliably follow in this version. For the ease and convenience of the modern reader, italics have been used for titles the Nicolas edition merely indicates by the use of quotation marks, as well as for quotations in languages other than English (Middle or Standard). Also, Transcriber’s Notes have been added when no explanation of a word or phrase is given in the Nicolas Index and Notes, wherever possible, again for the reader’s convenience, since Nicolas simply refers back to multiple citations in the Accounts, in many instances. — J.C.G., Transcriber.

Notes — Acham, William through Axle-trees, for the king’s car.

  • Acham, William: One of the persons appointed to attend the Duchess of Burgundy on her visit to this country.
  • Agelettes: Agelettes were pieces of silver or other metal, or tags, attached to the ends of laces or points. Palsgrave, in his Esclarcissment de la Langue Francaise in 1530, translates “Agglet of a lace or poynt” by “fer;” and in Promptorium Parvulorum, in the Harleian MS. 221, is “An agglot or an aglet to lace with all.” A pointmaker was paid 2d. per dozen for pointing points of silk with ageletts of laton. Spenser speaks of a dress “With golden Aigulets that glistered bright.”
    The various notices of ageletts in these Accounts afford information as to the different uses to which they were applied. From at least 2 entries, it appears that they were placed as ornaments on harnesses, being fixed with small chains.
  • Ambassadors: The first of these entries relates to the washing of bedding which had been used by the ambassadors from France, and the second to delivery of beds &c., for the ambassadors of the Duke of Burgundy.
  • Andrew, Richard: Citizen and Hosier of London.
  • Anneys, bags of fustian stuffed with, and with ireos: Bags filled with anniseed and other spices, to keep insects from destroying the clothes, &c., in the Great Wardrobe. That anneys meant anniseed may be presumed from finding the word so spelt, under “Spyces” in the Northumberland Household Book, “Powder of annes iij lb. j quarteron,” ed. 1827, p. 19; and in the Promptorium Parvulorum in the Harleian MS.221, “Aneys seed or spice” occurs.
  • Apris, John: One of the persons sent to attend on the Duchess of Burgundy.
  • Argenter of France: The “Argenter du Roy” is the master of the wardrobe, or gentleman of the robes. Ther person here alluded to seems to have been in attendance on the Duchess of Burgundy, and the entry relates to the delivery to him of scarlet and violet cloth for the use of the princess’s suite. It is singular that he should be called the Argenteer of France.
  • Arms, the king’s, on clasps, –on clasps of books:: It was usual to place the arms of the owner on the clasps which were generally attached to books. Eleanor, Duchess of Gloucester, mentions in her will in 1399, “a ‘Chronicle of France’ in French, with two clasps of silver, enamelled with the arms of the Duke of Burgoyne: a book, containing the psalter, primer, and other devotions, with two clasps of gold enamelled with her arms; a French bible in two volumes, with two gold clasps enamelled with the arms of France; and a psalter richly illuminated with the clasps of gold enamelled with white swans, and the arms of my lord and father enamelled on the clasps.” Among the books of Sir John Fastolfe were a psalter clasped with silver, and his and his wife’s arms engraved thereon. Archæologia xxi., p. 276.
  • Arms, escutcheons of the arms of Lord George Vere: It is not easy to explain for what purpose those escutcheons of the arms of Lord George Vere could have been made, or why they should have formed part of the contents of the great wardrobe. See VERE.
  • Arras: An arras mender “who is howrely in the warderobe for wyrking upon arres and tapestry,” was attached to the household of all great persons in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Among the “officers of the riding household of George, Duke of Clarence, Anno 9, Edward IV.,” was “A broderer of Tapacerye for amendinge of the Arrasse.” — Collection of Regulations of Royal Households, p. 99. Northumberland Household Book, pp. 45, 48, 326. The Earl of Northumberland’s arras mender in 1512 was allowed 33s. 4d. if a yeoman, and xxs. if a grome, a year, for his wages, and xxs. for finding “all maner of stuff belonging to his faculties except silke and golde.'” “Paid for v days work in amending arras at vj d. the day.” — History of Hengrave. p.191.
  • Astates: “Lordes and Astates,” lords and persons of consequence.
  • Asteley, John: One of the persons appointed to attend the Duchess of Burgundy.
  • Audley, Lord: John Tuchet, Lord Audley, who succeeded his father in that barony in 1458, and died in 1491.
  • Axle-trees, for the king’s car.